Gifu Prefecture

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gifu
岐阜県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • RomajiGifu-ken
Official seal of Gifu
Location of Gifu in Japan
Location of Gifu in Japan
Country Japan
RegionChūbu
IslandHonshū
CapitalGifu
Government
 • GovernorHajime Furuta
Area
 • Total10,621.17 km2 (4,100.86 sq mi)
Area rank7th
Population
 (August 1, 2010)
 • Total2,078,286
 • Rank18th
 • Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-21
Prefectural flowerChinese milk vetch
(Astragalus sinicus)
Prefectural treeJapanese Yew
(Taxus cuspidata)
Prefectural birdRock ptarmigan
(Lagopus muta)
Prefectural bird{{{Fish}}}
Number of districts9
Number of municipalities42
Websitewww.pref.gifu.lg.jp
Flag of Gifu Prefecture.svg

Gifu Prefecture (岐阜県, Gifu-ken) is a prefecture in the Chūbu region of Japan. It is on the island of Honshu.[1] Its capital is the city of Gifu.[2]

Gifu is part of the Tōkai region. Shirakawa in Gifu is a UNESCO's World Heritage Site.

History[change | change source]

In the Meiji period, Gifu Prefecture was created by merging several old provinces, including Hida Province and Mino Province.[3]

"Gifu" may have been named by Oda Nobunaga.

Geography[change | change source]

Gifu shares borders with seven other prefectures: Aichi Prefecture, Fukui Prefecture, Ishikawa Prefecture, Mie Prefecture, Nagano Prefecture, Shiga Prefecture and Toyama Prefecture.

Landmarks[change | change source]

  • Kinkazan and Gifu Castle
  • Takayama
  • Joining hands-structure of Shirakawa-go
  • Gero hot springs

Special products[change | change source]

Cities[change | change source]

National parks[change | change source]

National parks cover about 18% of the total land area of the prefecture.[4]

Otaki Limestone Cave[change | change source]

Otaki Limestone cave is one of the biggest limestone caves in Japan. There is no daylight inside, so you may feel that the air in there is very still. If you go there in summer, you may feel cool, and if you go there in winter, you may feel much warmer than outside of it. The walls are made of limestone and look milky white.

Shrines and temples[change | change source]

Hidaichinomiya-Minashi jinja is the main Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) in the prefecture.[5]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Gifu-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 246; "Chūbu" at p. 126.
  2. Nussbaum, "Gifu" at p. 246.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
  5. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 2 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-3-13.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Gifu prefecture at Wikimedia Commons