2019 Atlantic hurricane season
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|Season summary map|
|First storm formed||May 20, 2019|
|Last storm dissipated||November 25, 2019|
|Strongest storm||Dorian – 910 mbar (hPa) (26.88 inHg), 185 mph (295 km/h) (1-minute sustained)|
|Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+)||3|
|Total fatalities||98 total (86 direct, 12 indirect)|
|Total damage||> $11.611 billion (2019 USD)|
|Atlantic hurricane seasons|
2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021
The 2019 Atlantic hurricane season was the fourth consecutive season of above-average and damaging seasons dating back to 2016. This hurricane season has 20 tropical cyclones and 18 named storms in total in which tropical cyclones were formed in the Northern Hemisphere at the Atlantic basin. The season officially began on June 1, 2019, and ended on November 30, 2019.
Subtropical Storm Andrea formed on May 20, making 2019 the fifth consecutive season in which storms formed before the official start of the hurricane season; this breaks the record of four consecutive years set in 1951-1954. Barry became the first hurricane of the season in early July. Hurricane Dorian became a first major hurricane of the season in late August, and later became a Category 5 hurricane on September 1, making 2019 the fourth consecutive season to feature at least one Category 5 hurricane (Matthew in 2016; Irma and Maria in 2017; Michael in 2018). Tropical Storm Imelda formed on September 17 and caused catastrophic flooding over Southeast Texas, making Imelda one of the wettest tropical cyclones in U.S. history. Hurricane Lorenzo became a second Category 5 hurricane of the season on September 29, making 2019 one of the Atlantic hurricane seasons to feature more than one Category 5 hurricane; and also, this made Lorenzo the easternmost Category 5 hurricane on record, surpassing Hurricane Hugo in 1989. The season ended with Tropical Storm Sebastian on November 25.
Storms[change | change source]
For a record fifth consecutive year, activity began before the official start of the season when Subtropical Storm Andrea formed on May 20. No storms formed in the month of June, but activity resumed in July when Hurricane Barry formed. Tropical Depression Three formed soon afterwards. After the dissipation of Three less than 24 hours later, the activity again suppressed. However, nearly a month later, on August 21, Tropical Storm Chantal formed, making the 2019 hurricane season the second latest starting season of the 21st century. Early on August 24, Chantal dissipated. Later that day, Dorian formed. On August 26, a tropical depression formed off the coast of North Carolina.
Season effects[change | change source]
This is a table of all the storms that have formed in the 2019 Atlantic hurricane season. It includes their duration, names, landfall(s), denoted in parentheses, damages, and death totals. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but were still related to that storm. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical, a tropical wave, or a low, and all the damage figures are in USD. Potential tropical cyclones are not included in this table.
|Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale|
|Dates active||Storm category
at peak intensity
|Andrea||May 20 – 21||Subtropical storm||40 (65)||1006||Bermuda||None||None|
|Barry||July 11 – 15||Category 1 hurricane||75 (120)||993||Eastern United States, Louisiana, Great Lakes region||>$600 million||0 (1)|||
|Three||July 22 – 23||Tropical depression||35 (55)||1013||The Bahamas, Florida||None||None|
|Chantal||August 21 – 24||Tropical storm||40 (65)||1007||Southeastern United States||None||None|
|Dorian||August 24 – September 7||Category 5 hurricane||185 (295)||910||Barbados, Windward Islands, Leeward Islands, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, The Bahamas||>$8.2 billion||63 (7)|
|Erin||August 26 – 29||Tropical storm||40 (65)||1002||Cuba, The Bahamas, East Coast of the United States, Atlantic Canada||Minimal||None|||
|Fernand||September 3 – 5||Tropical storm||50 (85)||1000||Northeastern Mexico, South Texas||>$200 million||1|
|Gabrielle||September 3 – 10||Tropical storm||65 (100)||995||Cape Verde, British Isles||None||None|
|Humberto||September 13 – 20||Category 3 hurricane||125 (205)||950||Hispaniola, Cuba, Bahamas, Southeastern United States, Bermuda, Atlantic Canada, Ireland, United Kingdom||>$1 million||1|
|Jerry||September 17 – 25||Category 2 hurricane||105 (165)||976||Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, Bermuda||None||None|
|Imelda||September 17 – 19||Tropical storm||40 (65)||1003||Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Arkansas||>$2 billion||4 (1)|
|Karen||September 22 – 27||Tropical storm||45 (75)||1005||Windward Islands, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, U.S. Virgin Islands, British Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico||Unknown||None|
|Lorenzo||September 23 – October 2||Category 5 hurricane||160 (260)||925||West Africa, Cape Verde, Azores, British Isles||>$360 million||8|
|Melissa||October 11 – 14||Tropical storm||65 (100)||994||Mid-Atlantic States, New England, Nova Scotia||Minimal||None|
|Fifteen||October 14 – 16||Tropical depression||35 (55)||1006||West Africa, Cape Verde||None||None|
|Nestor||October 18 – 19||Tropical storm||60 (95)||996||Central America, Mexico, Southeastern United States||>$150 million||0 (3)|
|Olga||October 25 – 26||Tropical storm||40 (65)||998||United States Gulf Coast, Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi||>$100 million||1|
|Pablo||October 25 – 28||Category 1 hurricane||80 (130)||977||Azores||None||None|
|Rebekah||October 30 – November 1||Subtropical storm||45 (75)||982||Azores||None||None|
|Sebastien||November 19 – 25||Tropical storm||65 (100)||991||Leeward Islands||None||None|
|6 systems||May 20 –
|185 (295)||910||>$11.611 billion||86 (12)|
References[change | change source]
- Adams, Char (July 15, 2019). "Good Samaritans Form Human Chain to Rescue Swimmers from Rip Current in Florida". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
- Global Catastrophe Recap: July 2019 (PDF) (Report). AON. August 1, 2019. Retrieved August 16, 2019.