2019 Atlantic hurricane season

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2019 Atlantic hurricane season
Season summary map
First storm formed May 20, 2019
Last storm dissipated Season ongoing
Strongest storm Dorian – 910 mbar (hPa) (26.88 inHg), 185 mph (295 km/h) (1-minute sustained)
Total depressions 20
Total storms 18
Hurricanes 6
Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+) 3
Total fatalities 98 total (86 direct, 12 indirect)
Total damage > $11.611 billion (2019 USD)
Atlantic hurricane seasons
2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021
Related article

The 2019 Atlantic hurricane season is an ongoing event in the annual formation of tropical cyclones in the Northern Hemisphere. It was the fourth consecutive season of above-average and damaging seasons dating back to 2016. This hurricane season has 20 tropical cyclones and 18 named storms in total. The season officially began on June 1, 2019, and will end on November 30, 2019.

Subtropical Storm Andrea formed on May 20, making 2019 the fifth consecutive season in which storms formed before the official start of the hurricane season; this breaks the record of four consecutive years set in 1951-1954. Barry became the first hurricane of the season in early July. Hurricane Dorian became a first major hurricane of the season in late August, and later became a Category 5 hurricane on September 1, making 2019 the fourth consecutive season to feature at least one Category 5 hurricane (Matthew in 2016; Irma and Maria in 2017; Michael in 2018). Tropical Storm Imelda formed on September 17 and caused catastrophic flooding over Southeast Texas, making Imelda one of the wettest tropical cyclones in U.S. history. Hurricane Lorenzo became a second Category 5 hurricane of the season on September 29, making 2019 one of the Atlantic hurricane seasons to feature more than one Category 5 hurricane; and also, this made Lorenzo the easternmost Category 5 hurricane on record, surpassing Hurricane Hugo in 1989.

Storms[change | change source]

Tropical Storm ImeldaHurricane DorianHurricane Barry (2019)Saffir–Simpson scale

For a record fifth consecutive year, activity began before the official start of the season when Subtropical Storm Andrea formed on May 20. No storms formed in the month of June, but activity resumed in July when Hurricane Barry formed. Tropical Depression Three formed soon afterwards. After the dissipation of Three less than 24 hours later, the activity again suppressed. However, nearly a month later, on August 21, Tropical Storm Chantal formed, making the 2019 hurricane season the second latest starting season of the 21st century. Early on August 24, Chantal dissipated. Later that day, Dorian formed. On August 26, a tropical depression formed off the coast of North Carolina.

Season effects[change | change source]

This is a table of all the storms that have formed in the 2019 Atlantic hurricane season. It includes their duration, names, landfall(s), denoted in parentheses, damages, and death totals. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but were still related to that storm. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical, a tropical wave, or a low, and all the damage figures are in USD. Potential tropical cyclones are not included in this table.

Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale
TD TS C1 C2 C3 C4 C5
2019 North Atlantic tropical cyclone season statistics
Storm
name
Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max 1-min
wind
mph (km/h)
Min.
press.
(mbar)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs


Andrea May 20 – 21 Subtropical storm 40 (65) 1006 Bermuda None None
Barry July 11 – 15 Category 1 hurricane 75 (120) 991 Eastern United States, Louisiana, Great Lakes region >$600 million 0 (1) [1][2]
Three July 22 – 23 Tropical depression 35 (55) 1013 The Bahamas, Florida None None
Chantal August 21 – 24 Tropical storm 40 (65) 1009 Southeastern United States None None
Dorian August 24 – September 7 Category 5 hurricane 185 (295) 910 Barbados, Windward Islands, Leeward Islands, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, The Bahamas >$8.2 billion 63 (7)
Erin August 26 – 29 Tropical storm 40 (65) 1005 Cuba, The Bahamas, East Coast of the United States, Atlantic Canada Minimal None [3]
Fernand September 3 – 5 Tropical storm 50 (85) 1000 Northeastern Mexico, South Texas >$200 million 1
Gabrielle September 3 – 10 Tropical storm 65 (100) 995 Cape Verde, British Isles None None
Humberto September 13 – 20 Category 3 hurricane 125 (205) 951 Hispaniola, Cuba, Bahamas, Southeastern United States, Bermuda, Atlantic Canada, Ireland, United Kingdom >$1 million 1
Jerry September 17 – 25 Category 2 hurricane 105 (165) 976 Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, Bermuda None None
Imelda September 17 – 19 Tropical storm 40 (65) 1005 Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Arkansas >$2 billion 4 (1)
Karen September 22 – 27 Tropical storm 45 (75) 1002 Windward Islands, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, U.S. Virgin Islands, British Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico Unknown None
Lorenzo September 23 – October 2 Category 5 hurricane 160 (260) 925 West Africa, Cape Verde, Azores, British Isles >$360 million 8
Melissa October 11 – 14 Tropical storm 65 (100) 995 Mid-Atlantic States, New England, Nova Scotia Minimal None
Fifteen October 14 – 16 Tropical depression 35 (55) 1006 West Africa, Cape Verde None None
Nestor October 18 – 19 Tropical storm 60 (95) 996 Central America, Mexico, Southeastern United States >$150 million 0 (3)
Olga October 25 – 26 Tropical storm 40 (65) 998 United States Gulf Coast, Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi >$100 million 1
Pablo October 25 – 28 Category 1 hurricane 80 (130) 977 Azores None None
Rebekah October 30 – November 1 Subtropical storm 45 (75) 987 Azores None None
Sebastien November 19 – present Tropical storm 65 (100) 994 Leeward Islands None None
Season Aggregates
6 systems May 20 –
Season ongoing
  185 (295) 910 >$11.611 billion 86 (12)  

References[change | change source]

  1. Adams, Char (July 15, 2019). "Good Samaritans Form Human Chain to Rescue Swimmers from Rip Current in Florida". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 2019-07-18.
  2. Global Catastrophe Recap: July 2019 (PDF) (Report). AON. August 1, 2019. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
  3. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/rainfall-post-tropical-storm-erin-1.5265391