Jump to content

Abu Musab al-Zarqawi

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Abu Musab al-Zarqawi
أَبُو مُصْعَبٍ ٱلزَّرْقَاوِيُّ
al-Zarqawi in May 2004
1st Emir of Al-Qaeda in Iraq
In office
October 17, 2004 – June 7, 2006
Preceded byPosition created
Succeeded byAbu Ayyub al-Masri
1st Emir of Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad
In office
1999 – October 17, 2004
Preceded byPosition created
Succeeded byMerger with Al-Qaeda
1st Emir of the Mujahideen Shura Council
In office
January 15, 2006 – June 7, 2006
Preceded byPosition created
Succeeded byAbu Ayyub al-Masri
Personal details
Born
Ahmad Fadeel al-Nazal al-Khalayleh
أحمد فضيل النزال الخلايلة

(1966-10-30)October 30, 1966
Zarqa, Jordan
DiedJune 7, 2006(2006-06-07) (aged 39)
Hibhib, Iraq
Cause of deathAirstrike
NationalityJordanian
Children5
Military service
Years of service1989–2006
RankCommander
Battles/warsSoviet–Afghan War
United States invasion of Afghanistan
Iraq War

Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (Arabic: أبو مصعب الزرقاوي, ’Abū Muṣ‘ab az-Zarqāwī, Father of Musab, from Zarqa; audio speaker iconEnglish pronunciation ; October 30, 1966[1][2][3] – June 7, 2006), born Ahmad Fadeel al-Nazal al-Khalayleh (أَحْمَدُ فَضِيلِ ٱلنَّزَالِ ٱلْخَلَايْلَةَ, ’Aḥmad Faḍīl an-Nazāl al-Ḫalāyla), was a Jordanian Islamist jihadist who ran a terrorist training camp in Afghanistan. He first travelled to Afghanistan in the 1980s to join the Afghan mujahideen and take part in the Soviet–Afghan War against the Soviet troops and later became known after going to Iraq following the US invasion and being responsible for a series of bombings, beheadings, and attacks during the Iraq War, reportedly "turning an insurgency against US troops" in Iraq "into a Shia–Sunni civil war".[4] He was sometimes known by his supporters as the "Sheikh of the slaughterers".[5]

References

[change | change source]
  1. "FBI Seeking Information - Abu Mus'ab Al-Zarqawi". March 22, 2006. Archived from the original on March 22, 2006.
  2. Interpol. "Interpol: Al Khalaylen, Ahmad (alias Abu Musab Al-zarqawi)". Archived from the original on April 28, 2006. Retrieved September 20, 2021.
  3. "Abu Mus'ab Al-Zarqawi". Rewards for Justice. February 2, 2006. Archived from the original on February 6, 2006.
  4. Anonymous (August 13, 2015). "The Mystery of ISIS". New York Review of Books. LXII (13). Archived from the original on October 29, 2015. Retrieved October 29, 2015.
  5. Weiss, Michael; Hassan, Hassan (2015). "2, Sheikh of the slaughterers". ISIS: Inside the Army of Terror. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-1941393710. Archived from the original on January 24, 2023. Retrieved October 29, 2015.