al-Shabaab (militant group)
Al-Shabaab is a militant group based in Somalia. It seeks to eliminate Sufism from Somalia and has opposed various Sufi groups. It was recognised as a cell of al-Qaeda in 2012. The official name of the group is Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen (Arabic: حركة الشباب المجاهدين). It is now an affiliate of ISIL. It's name from arabic Shabaab translates to 'Youth'- The Youth
Some people who were in the Islamic Courts Union formed al-Shabaab in 2006 or 2007. Wahhabi ideas inflenced al-Shabaab. Al-Shabaab wants to create an Islamic state at the Horn of Africa, and to take part in a golbal djihad.
Al-Shabaab controls large parts of southern Somalia. In the area it controls, there is a strict form of Sharia law. The group has claimed responsibility for various terrorist attacks like the Westgate Mall attack on 2013, Nairobi- Kenya, Dusit D2 complex attack early 2019 in Westlands, Nairobi Kenya, Garissa University of attacks which killed 142 people in April 2015.
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