al-Shabaab (militant group)

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The al-Shabaab war flag

Al-Shabaab is a militant group based in Somalia. It seeks to eliminate Sufism from Somalia and has opposed various Sufi groups. It was recognised as a cell of al-Qaeda in 2012.[1] The official name of the group is Harakat al-Shabaab al-Mujahideen (Arabic: حركة الشباب المجاهدين‎). It is now an affiliate of ISIL. It's name from arabic Shabaab translates to 'Youth'- The Youth

Some people who were in the Islamic Courts Union formed al-Shabaab in 2006 or 2007. Wahhabi ideas inflenced al-Shabaab.[2] Al-Shabaab wants to create an Islamic state at the Horn of Africa, and to take part in a golbal djihad.

Al-Shabaab controls large parts of southern Somalia. In the area it controls, there is a strict form of Sharia law.[3] The group has claimed responsibility for various terrorist attacks like the Westgate Mall attack on 2013, Nairobi- Kenya, Dusit D2 complex attack early 2019 in Westlands, Nairobi Kenya, Garissa University of attacks which killed 142 people in April 2015.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Al-Shabaab joining al Qaeda, monitor group says". CNN. February 9, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
  2. Somalia rebel groups 'merge', in: Al Jazeera English, 25. Dezember 2010
  3. Jon Lee Anderson, Letter from Mogadishu, "The Most Failed State," The New Yorker, December 14, 2009, p. 64 abstract