Alcántara Bridge

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Alcántara Bridge
Bridge Alcantara.JPG
Coordinates 39°43′21″N 6°53′33″W / 39.7224°N 6.8924°W / 39.7224; -6.8924Coordinates: 39°43′21″N 6°53′33″W / 39.7224°N 6.8924°W / 39.7224; -6.8924
Crosses Tagus River
Locale Alcántara, Spain
Heritage status Listed as cultural heritage since 1921[1]
Characteristics
Design Roman arch bridge
Material Stone
Total length 181.7 m[2]
Width 8.6 m[2]
Height 45 m[3]
Longest span 28.8 m[4]
Number of spans 6
Load limit 52 t[5]
History
Designer Caius Julius Lacer
Construction begin 104 AD
Construction end 106 AD
Alcántara Bridge is located in Spain
Alcántara Bridge
Alcántara Bridge
Location in Spain

Alcántara Bridge (also called Puente Trajan at Alcantara) is a Roman stone arch bridge. It was built over the Tagus river, Alcántara, Spain between 104 and 106 AD. The Roman emperor Trajan ordered this bridge built in 98 AD.[6]

The original length of this bridge was 190 metres (620 ft). It is now 181.7 metres (596 ft) long [2] The clear spans of the six arches from the right to the left riverside are 13.6 metres (45 ft), 23.4 metres (77 ft), 28.8 metres (94 ft), 27.4 metres (90 ft), 21.9 metres (72 ft) and 13.8 metres (45 ft)[4]

The Alcántara Bridge was one of 100 finalists for the 12 Treasures of Spain in 2007.[7]

References[change | change source]

  1. Patrimonio histórico: Bienes culturales protegidos. Consulta de bienes inmuebles. Bien: "Puente de Alcántara", retrieved 13-01-2010 (Spanish)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Galliazzo 1994, p. 354
  3. From river bed to deck, excluding the triumphal arch (Galliazzo 1994, pp. 354f.). O'Connor 1993, p. 109 gives 48 m, 40–42 m for the height above the water level plus 14 m for the triumphal arch.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Galliazzo 1994, p. 356
  5. Durán Fuentes 2004, p. 237
  6. Whitney, Charles S. (2003) [1929], Bridges of the World: Their Design and Construction, Mineola, New York: Dover Publications, pp. 75–79, ISBN 0-486-42995-4
  7. "Lista de 100 finalistas de Nuestros 12 Tesoros de España". Sobreturismo.es. 2007-11-27. Retrieved 2014-10-06.

General references[change | change source]

  • David J. Brown, Bridges (New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1993), p. 25
  • Manuel Durán Fuentes, La Construcción de Puentes Romanos en Hispania (Santiago de Compostela: Xunta de Galicia, 2004), pp. 194–200
  • Vittorio Galliazzo, I ponti romani, Catalogo generale Vol. 2 (Treviso: Edizioni Canova, 1994), pp. 353–358 (No. 754)
  • Bernhard Graf, Bridges that Changed the World (Munich: Prestel, 2002), pp. 20–21
  • Colin O’Connor, Roman Bridges (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 109–111 (SP21)

Other websites[change | change source]