||The English used in this article or section may not be easy for everybody to understand. (February 2015)|
|Foundation date||February 14, 2005|
|Headquarters||901 Cherry Avenue, San Bruno, California, United States|
|Area served||Worldwide (except blocked countries)|
|Key people||Susan Wojcicki (CEO)
Chad Hurley (Adviser)
Video hosting service
|Slogan(s)||Broadcast Yourself (2005–2012)|
(see list of localized domain names)
|Alexa rank||3 (January 2016[update])|
|Registration||Optional (not required to watch most videos; required for certain tasks such as uploading videos, viewing flagged (18+) videos, creating playlists and posting comments)|
|Launched||February 14, 2005|
YouTube is a free video sharing website that lets people upload, view, and share videos. Videos can be rated with a like or dislike, most videos can be commented on if logged in to an account, and the number of times a video has been watched (known as "views") is put on the site. Users who have accounts can also subscribe to channels. At the moment, Google (a search engine company) owns and operates YouTube. Many different types of videos can be put onto the website, such as educational content, animations, and funny stuff. YouTube was started on February 15, 2005 by three former workers of PayPal.
Banning[change | change source]
YouTube is blocked in many schools because it allows children to search for videos online that would otherwise distract them from their lessons, much like how other social networking sites and game sites are blocked for the same purpose. But at a higher level than schools (and in workplaces), even some governments have blocked YouTube access to their country's public, but their reasons can vary.[source?]
Iran[change | change source]
Turkey[change | change source]
Turkey blocked YouTube on March 6 2007 for letting videos that were insulting or discriminating to Turks and Atatürk, who is the founder of modern Turkey, to be shown, because of a "virtual war" between Greeks, Armenians, Kurds and Turks on YouTube, with people from each side posting videos to hurt the other. The video that caused banning alleged Turks and Atatürk to be 'gay'. The video was first mentioned on Turkish CNN and the Istanbul public prosecutor sued YouTube for being mean to Turkishness. The court suspended access to YouTube while waiting for the removal of the video. The ban was strongly criticized. YouTube lawyers sent documentary of removal to court and users could access the website again on March 9 2007.
Thailand[change | change source]
During the week of March 8, YouTube was blocked in Thailand. Many bloggers (people who have a "diary" online) believed the reason YouTube was blocked was because of a video of the former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra's speech on CNN. However, the government did not confirm or give reasons for the ban. YouTube was accessible from March 10.
On the night of April 3, YouTube was again blocked in Thailand. The government said it was because of a video on the site that it said was "insulting" to King Bhumibol Adulyadej. The Ministry of Information and Communication Technology claimed that it would unblock YouTube in a few days, after websites containing references to this video are blocked instead of the entire website. Communications Minister Sitthichai Pookaiyaudom said, "When they decide to withdraw the clip, we will withdraw the ban." Soon after this incident the internet technology blog Mashable was banned from Thailand over the reporting of the YouTube clips in question.
Brazilian model lawsuit and banning that came after[change | change source]
YouTube is being sued by Brazilian model and MTV VJ Daniela Cicarelli (better known as Ronaldo's ex-fiancée) on the grounds that the site is making available a video footage made by a paparazzi, in which she and her boyfriend are having sex on a Spanish beach. The lawsuit says that YouTube has to be blocked in Brazil until all copies of the video are removed. On Saturday, January 6, 2007, a legal injunction ordered that filters be put in place to prevent users in Brazil from going to the website.
The effectiveness of the measure has been questioned, since the video is not available only on YouTube, but rather has become an Internet phenomenon. On Tuesday, January 9, 2007, the same court overturned their earlier decision, ordering the filters to be taken down, even though the footage was still forbidden, but without technical support for its blockage.
Morocco[change | change source]
On May 25, 2007 the state-owned company Maroc Telecom blocked all access to YouTube. There were no reasons given why YouTube was blocked. But the guesses are that it might have something to do with some pro-separatist group Polisario clips (Polisario is the Western Sahara independence movement) or because of some videos that criticized King Mohammed VI. This block did not concern the other two private internet-providers, Wana and Meditel. YouTube became accessible again on May 30th, 2007 after Maroc Telecom unofficially announced that the denied access to the website was only a "technical glitch".
Australia[change | change source]
In Australia, some schools, including all secondary schools in Victoria, have YouTube blocked from student access, after fights have been posted on YouTube.
China[change | change source]
Terms of service[change | change source]
According the site's terms of service, users may upload videos only if they have the permission of the copyright holder and of the people in the video. Pornography, defamation, harassment, commercials and videos that encourage criminal conduct may not be uploaded. The uploader gives YouTube permission to give out and change the uploaded video for any purpose, and they do not have permission anymore when the uploader deletes the video from the site. Users may view videos on the site but are not allowed to save them on their computers.
Localization[change | change source]
On June 19, 2007, Google CEO Eric Schmidt was in Paris to launch the new localization system. The interface of the website is available with localized versions in 90 countries, and a worldwide version.
Testing language[change | change source]
The interface of the YouTube website is available in 76 language versions including, Albanian, Amharic, Armenian, Bengali, Burmese, Khmer, Kyrgyz, Laotian, Mongolian, Persian and Uzbek, which do have local channel versions.
References[change | change source]
- Wilson, Jesse (May 19, 2009). "Guice Deuce". Archived from the original on December 2, 2015. https://archive.is/xbvCJ. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- Lextrait, Vincent (July 2010). "YouTube runs on Python". Archived from the original on May 30, 2012. http://archive.is/20120530/http://www.lextrait.com/Vincent/implementations.html. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
- "Youtube.com Site Info". Alexa Internet. http://www.alexa.com/siteinfo/youtube.com. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
- "Whois Record for YouTube.com". whois.domaintools.com. http://whois.domaintools.com/youtube.com. Retrieved 7 March 2016.
- "YouTube aims to show music videos". BBC. 2006-08-16. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/entertainment/4798133.stm.
- "Censorship fears rise as Iran blocks access to top websites". November 4, 2006. http://www.guardian.co.uk/iran/story/0,,1963166,00.html. Retrieved 2006-12-17.
- "Turkey pulls plug on YouTube over Ataturk 'insults'". March 7, 2007. http://www.guardian.co.uk/turkey/story/0,,2028543,00.html. Retrieved 2007-03-07.
- "Turkey bans YouTube". March 8, 2007. http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117960760.html?categoryid=1009&cs=1. Retrieved 2007-03-10.
- "Turkey revokes YouTube ban". March 9, 2007. http://www.theage.com.au/news/Technology/Turkey-revokes-YouTube-ban/2007/03/10/1173167025391.html. Retrieved 2007-03-09.
- "YouTube seems blocked in Thailand 2bangkok.com". March 10, 2007. http://www.2bangkok.com/blockedyoutube.shtml. Retrieved 2007-03-10.
- "YouTube Blocked Again". April 04, 2007. http://facthai.wordpress.com/2007/04/04/youtube-blocked-again/. Retrieved 2007-04-04.
- "For some users, YouTube disappears". April 04, 2007. http://www.bangkokpost.co.th/topstories/topstories.php?id=117871. Retrieved 2007-04-04.
- "YouTube to help block web access to pages insulting King". April 07. http://bangkokpost.com/News/07Apr2007_news03.php.
- "Whose Tube?". The Economist: pp. 71. 2004-04-14. http://economist.com/world/international/displaystory.cfm?story_id=E1_JDTPVRG. Retrieved 2007-04-16.
- Cashmore, Pete (2004-04-18). "Mashable.com Banned in Thailand". Mashable. http://mashable.com/2007/04/18/mashablecom-banned-in-thailand/.
- "Morocco blocks access to YouTube". globalvoicesonline.org. http://www.globalvoicesonline.org/2007/05/26/morocco-blocks-access-to-youtube/. Retrieved 2007-05-27.
- "YouTube again accessible via Maroc Telecom". rsf.org. http://www.rsf.org/article.php3?id_article=22322. Retrieved 2007-05-30.
- "Youku Transcends YouTube as China Becomes Center of Internet". Bloomberg.com. http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2010-10-17/youku-transcends-youtube-as-internet-s-center-of-gravity-shifts-to-china. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
- Sommerville, Quentin (March 24, 2009). "China 'blocks YouTube video site'". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/7961069.stm. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
- "YouTube遭中國封鎖？". Now News. October 19, 2007. http://www.nownews.com/2007/10/19/11444-2174423.htm. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- "China Blocks YouTube". PC World. October 18, 2007. http://www.pcworld.com/article/138599/article.html. Retrieved April 8, 2013.
- Sayer, Peter (June 19, 2007). "Google launches YouTube France News". PC Advisor. http://www.pcadvisor.co.uk/news/index.cfm?NewsID=9772. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
- "YouTube homepage (See the localisation section below)". https://www.youtube.com. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
- "google account recovery form [YouTube México launched today]" (in Spanish). El Universal. October 11, 2007. https://magic.piktochart.com/output/23523126-google-account-recovery-form-gmail-account-recovery-form. Retrieved September 9, 2010.[dead link]
- "中文上線 – YouTube 香港中文版登場！". Stanley5. October 17, 2007. http://stanley5.blogspot.com/2007/10/youtube.html. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- "YouTube台灣網站上線 手機版再等等". ZDNet. October 18, 2007. http://www.zdnet.com.tw/news/software/0,2000085678,20125299,00.htm. Retrieved January 2, 2012.[dead link]
- Nicole, Kristen (October 22, 2007). "YouTube Launches in Australia & New Zealand". Mashable. http://mashable.com/2007/10/22/youtube-australia-new-zealand/. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
- Nicole, Kristen (November 6, 2007). "YouTube Canada Now Live". Mashable. http://mashable.com/2007/11/06/youtube-canada/. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
- Ostrow, Adam (November 8, 2007). "YouTube Germany Launches". Mashable. http://mashable.com/2007/11/08/youtube-germany/. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
- "YouTube перевелся на русский" (in ru). Kommersant Moscow. November 14, 2007. http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/824940/. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- Williams, Martyn (January 23, 2008). "YouTube Launches Korean Site". PC World. http://www.pcworld.com/article/141684/youtube_launches_korean_site.html. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- Joshi, Sandeep (May 8, 2008). "YouTube now has an Indian incarnation". The Hindu (Chennai, India). http://www.hindu.com/2008/05/08/stories/2008050857242200.htm. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
- Google launches YouTube ישראל September 16, 2008. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- Bokuvka, Petr (October 12, 2008). "Czech version of YouTube launched. And it's crap. It sucks". The Czech Daily Word (Wordpress.com). http://czechdaily.wordpress.com/2008/10/12/czech-version-of-youtube-launched-and-its-crap-it-sucks/. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
- Launch video unavailable when YouTube opens up in Sweden October 23, 2008. Retrieved December 7, 2012.
- Google launches YouTube Suid-Afrika May 17, 2010. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- "YouTube launches in Argentina". September 9, 2010. http://www.webcitation.org/5sbofbU9A. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
- "YouTube Launches Local Version For Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia and Yemen". ArabCrunch. http://arabcrunch.com/2011/03/youtube-launches-local-version-for-algeria-egypt-jordan-morocco-saudi-arabia-tunisia-and-yemen.html. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
- Jidenma, Nmachi (September 1, 2011). "Google launches YouTube in Kenya". The Next Web. http://thenextweb.com/africa/2011/10/05/google-launches-youtube-in-kenya/. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- Nod, Tam (October 13, 2011). "YouTube launches 'The Philippines'". The Philippine Star. http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleId=737018&publicationSubCategoryId=200. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
- "YouTube Officially Launches in Singapore". Tech in Asia. October 19, 2011. https://www.techinasia.com/youtube-singapore-launch. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
- Google launches YouTube Belgique November 11, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- YouTube launches localized website for Colombia December 1, 2011. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
- Google Launches YouTube Uganda December 2, 2011. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
- Google to Launch YouTube Nigeria Today December 7, 2011. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
- Google launches YouTube Chile[dead link] March 19, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- Google Launches Hungarian YouTube[dead link] March 12, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- YouTube Launches Local Domain For Malaysia March 22, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
- YouTube Peru Launched, Expansion continues March 27, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
- Bindu Suresh Rai (April 2, 2012). "UAE version of YouTube launched". Emirates 247. http://www.emirates247.com/business/technology/uae-version-of-youtube-launched-2012-04-02-1.451741. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
- Google launches YouTube Ελλάδα May 1, 2012. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- "YouTube Launches Indonesian Version", June 15, 2012. Retrieved July 8, 2012.
- "Google launches YouTube in Ghana", June 22, 2012. Retrieved July 8, 2012.
- "YouTube launches local portal in Senegal", Jubr> ^  itag 120 is for live streaming and has metadata referring to "Elemental Technologies Live".July 16, 2012. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
- "YouTube's Turkish version goes into service", October 1, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2012.
- Tarasova, Maryna (December 13, 2012). "YouTube приходить в Україну! (YouTube comes in Ukraine!)". Ukraine: Google Ukraine Blog. http://google-ukraine-blog.blogspot.com/2012/12/youtube.html.
- "YouTube lanceres i Danmark". Denmark: iProspect. http://www.iprospect.dk/youtube-lanceres-i-danmark. Retrieved April 17, 2013.[dead link]
- Sormunen, Vilja (February 6, 2013). "YouTube Launches in the Nordics". Nordic: KLOK. http://www.klok.fi/blog/youtube-launches-in-the-nordics/. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- "YOUTUBE LAUNCHED IN NORWAY". Norway: TONO. http://www.tono.no/YouTube+lansert+i+Norge.12888.cms. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- "YouTube goes Swiss". Swiss: swissinfo. http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/business/YouTube_goes_Swiss.html?cid=35450210. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- "YouTube.at since Thursday online". Austria: Wiener Zeitung. http://www.wienerzeitung.at/themen_channel/wz_digital/digital_news/538498_YouTube.at-seit-Donnerstag-online.html. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- "Youtube România se lansează într-o săptămână". Romania: ZF.ro. http://www.zf.ro/zf-24/youtube-romania-se-lanseaza-intr-o-saptamana-10764820. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- tš (May 21, 2013). "Slováci už môžu oficiálne zarábať na tvorbe videí pre YouTube" (in Slovak). Vat Pravda. http://vat.pravda.sk/obraz-a-zvuk/clanok/281254-slovaci-uz-mozu-oficialne-zarabat-na-tvorbe-videi-pre-youtube/. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
- "Google lança versão lusa do YouTube". Portugal: Luso Noticias. http://www.lusonoticias.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=27764:google-lanca-versao-lusa-do-youtube&catid=343&Itemid=159. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- Nick Rego (September 16, 2013). "YouTube expands monetization and partnership in GCC". tbreak Media. http://www.tbreak.ae/news/youtube-expands-monetization-partnership-gcc. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
- Google launches YouTube Bosna i Hercegovina March 17, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- Ивелина Атанасова (March 18, 2014). "YouTube рекламата става достъпна и за България" (in Bulgarian). New Trend. https://newtrend.bg/digital-company/youtube/youtube-reklama-bulgaria. Retrieved April 5, 2014.
- "Oglašavanje na video platformi YouTube od sad dostupno i u Hrvatskoj" (in Croatian). Lider. March 19, 2014. http://liderpress.hr/poslovna-znanja/oglasavanje-na-video-platformi-youtube-od-sad-dostupno-i-u-hrvatskoj/. Retrieved April 5, 2014.
- Siiri Oden (March 19, 2014). "Youtube reklaamid - uued võimalused nüüd ka Eestis!" (in Estonian). Meedium. http://www.meedium.ee/blog/youtube-reklaamid-eestis. Retrieved April 5, 2014.
- Marta (March 18, 2014). "Tagad reklāmas iespējas Youtube kanālā iespējams izmantot arī Latvijā" (in Latvian). Marketing. http://marketing.lv/tagad-reklamas-iespejas-youtube-kanala-iespejams-izmantot-ari-latvija/. Retrieved April 5, 2014.
- Google launches YouTube Lietuva March 17, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- Google launches YouTube Македонија March 17, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- Google launches YouTube Црна Гора March 17, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- Google launches YouTube Србија March 17, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- STA (March 18, 2014). "Na Youtube prihajajo tudi slovenski video oglasi" (in Slovenian). Dnevnik. http://www.dnevnik.si/magazin/znanost-in-tehnologija/na-youtube-prihajajo-tudi-slovenski-video-oglasi. Retrieved April 5, 2014.
- Asina Pornwasin (April 3, 2014). "YouTube introduces homepage especially". The Nation. http://www.nationmultimedia.com/business/YouTube-introduces-homepage-especially-30230795.html. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
- Google launches YouTube Puerto Rico August 23, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- Google launches YouTube Việt Nam October 1, 2014. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
- Google launches YouTube ليبيا February 1, 2015. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- Google launches YouTube Ísland June 2, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- Google launches YouTube Luxembourg June 2, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- Google launches YouTube Tanzania June 2, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- Google launches YouTube Zimbabwe June 2, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikinews has news related to this article: Dove ad viewed more than 3 million times on YouTube|
|Wikinews has news related to this article: New Zealand school children put fight videos on YouTube|