A man signing in at Google's main office, Googleplex.

Google Inc. is a multinational corporation from the United States of America. It is known for creating and running one of the largest search engines on the World Wide Web (WWW). Every day more than a billion (1,000,000,000) people use it. Google's headquarters (called the "Googleplex") is in Mountain View, California, part of the Silicon Valley.

Ever since the 2nd of September, 2015, Google is owned by a new holding company called Alphabet Inc, which has taken over some of Google's other projects, such as its driverless cars. It is a public company that trades on the NASDAQ under the tickers GOOG and GOOGL.

Google's search engine can find pictures, videos, news, Usenet newsgroups, and things to buy online. By June 2004, Google had 4.28 billion web pages on its database, 880 million (880,000,000) pictures and 845 million (845,000,000) Usenet messages — six billion things.[source?] Google's American website has an Alexa rank of 1, meaning it is the most widely visited website in the world. It is so widely known that people sometimes use the word "google" as a verb that means "to search for something on Google"; but because more than half of people on the web use it, "google" has been used to mean "to search the web".

## History

Google was started in early 1996 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University, USA. It used to be called Backrub. They made it into a company, Google Inc., on September 7, 1998 at a friend's garage in Menlo Park, California. In February 1999, the company moved to 165 University Ave., Palo Alto, California, and then moved to another place called the Googleplex.

In September 2001, Google's rating system (PageRank, for saying which information is more helpful) got a U.S. Patent. The patent was to Stanford University, with Lawrence (Larry) Page as the inventor (the person who first had the idea).

Google makes a percentage of its money through America Online and InterActiveCorp. It has a special group known as the Partner Solutions Organization (PSO) which helps make contracts, helps making accounts better, and gives engineering help.

## The name "Google"

The name "Google" is a misspelling of the word googol.[7][8] Milton Sirotta, nephew of U.S. mathematician Edward Kasner, made this word in 1938, for the number 1 followed by one hundred zeroes (${\displaystyle 10^{100}}$). It is said that the word "googol" was chosen as a name for this number because it sounded like baby talk.[source?] Google uses this word because the company wants to make lots of stuff on the Web easy to find and use. Andy Bechtolsheim thought of the name.

The name for Google's main office, the "Googleplex," is a play on a different, even bigger number, the "googolplex", which is 1 followed by one googol of zeroes.

## References

1. "Company". Google. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
2. Claburn, Thomas. "Google Founded By Sergey Brin, Larry Page... And Hubert Chang?!?". InformationWeek. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
3. "Locations - Google Jobs". Google.com. Retrieved 2013-09-27.
4. "Google Inc, Form 10-K, Annual Report, Filing Date Jan 29, 2013". secdatabase.com. Retrieved Mar 8, 2013.
5. "Google Inc. Annual Reports". Google Inc. March 31, 2017. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
6. "Form 10-K". Washington, D.C.: U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. 2010. Part II, Item 6. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
7. Koller, David. "Origin of the name, "Google." Stanford University. January, 2004.
8. "Google revolution", How it Works, Imagine Publishing (37), pp. 40–43, 2012-08-09
9. "Google Play". Retrieved 2018-11-23.