|Traded as||NASDAQ: GOOG
S&P 500 Component
|When it was created||Menlo Park, California
(September 4, 1998 )
|People who started it||Sergey Brin, Larry Page|
|Headquarters||Googleplex, Mountain View, Mountain View, California, U.S.|
|Key people||Joseph Bailey (Co-founder)
(Co-founder & CEO)
Sergey Brin (Co-founder)
|Things made||See list of Google products|
|Money earned||US$ 59.82 billion (2013)|
|Operating income||US$ 13.96 billion (2013)|
|Profit||US$ 12.92 billion (2013)|
|Total assets||US$ 110.92 billion (2013)|
|Total equity||US$ 87.30 billion (2013)|
|Employees||47,756 (Q4 2013)|
|Subsidiaries||AdMob, DoubleClick, On2 Technologies, Picnik, YouTube, Zagat, Waze, Blogger, SlickLogin, Boston Dynamics, Bump, Nest Labs, DeepMind Technologies, WIMM One, VirusTotal, Google X, Motorola Mobility, Google.org, Google Store|
Google Inc. is an American multinational corporation that is best known for running one of the largest search engines on the World Wide Web (WWW). Every day, 200 million (200,000,000) people use it. Google's main office ("Googleplex") is in Mountain View, California, USA.
With Google Search, people can also search for pictures, Usenet newsgroups, news, and things to buy online. By June 2004, Google had 4.28 billion web pages on its database, 880 million (880,000,000) pictures and 845 million (845,000,000) Usenet messages — six billion things.
"To google," as an action word (verb) means "to search for something on Google". Because Google is so popular (more than half of people on the web use it) it has been used to mean "to search the web". Google dislikes this use since the name of the company is a trademark.
History[change | change source]
Google was started in early 1996 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University, USA. It used to be called Backrub. Later, they made it into a company, Google Inc., on September 7, 1998 at a friend's garage in Menlo Park, California. In February 1999, the company moved to 165 University Ave., Palo Alto, California. Later that year, it moved to another place, now called the "Googleplex".
In September 2001, Google's rating system ("PageRank", for saying which information is more helpful) got a U.S. Patent. The patent was to Stanford University, with Lawrence (Larry) Page as the inventor (the person who first had the idea).
Google makes an important, though shrinking, percentage of its money through its friends like America Online and InterActiveCorp. It has a special group known as the Partner Solutions Organization (PSO) which helps make contracts, helps making accounts better, and gives engineering help.
How Google makes money[change | change source]
Google makes money by advertising. People or companies who want to make other people visit their website give Google money, and Google shows an advertisement to people Google thinks will click on the advertisement. Google only gets money when people click on the link, so it tries to know as much about people as possible to only show the advertisement to the "right people". It does this with Google Analytics, which sends data back to Google whenever someone visits a web site. From this and other data, Google makes a profile about the person, which it then uses to figure out which advertisements to show.
The name "Google"[change | change source]
The name "Google" is a misspelling of the word googol. Milton Sirotta, nephew of U.S. mathematician Edward Kasner, made this word in 1938, for the number 1 followed by one hundred zeroes (). It is said that the word "googol" was chosen as a name for this number because it sounded like baby talk. Google uses this word because the company wants to make lots of stuff on the Web easy to find and use. Andy Bechtolsheim first thought of the name.
The name for Google's main office, the "Googleplex," is a play on a different, even bigger number, the "googolplex", which is 1 followed by one googol of zeroes.
Google's products[change | change source]
- Android is an operating system for mobile devices and was originally made by Google as part of the Open Handset Alliance, which Google leads. It is the chief competitor to Apple's iOS, BlackBerry, and Windows Phone by Microsoft.
- Internet. Its name is a combination of "Google" and "frugal", which means smart with money. (Now renamed to Google Product Search) lets the user find out about things for sale on the
- lets people search for books.
- calendar. is an online
- credit cards or bank accounts to other users. is a way to pay online. Users can send money using their
- Google Chrome is a web browser that Google made
- dictionary that can be in many languages. is a
- is an online document editor.
- 3D version of Google Maps with a digital globe. is the
- is a place for users to discuss topics.
- image search utility. is an
- translation service. It can translate websites and text into other languages. ; is an online
- Gmail is an e-mail service that Google started in 2004. It is called Google Mail in the United Kingdom and Germany. Users get free space to store e-mail.
- facility which shows news stories from over 4,500 news sources. Google News Archives is a
- Google Maps is a service from Google to provide satellite pictures and road maps for everywhere around the world.
- is a pack of Google software.
- Google Talk is an instant messenger where you can talk to friends.
- Google Video is an online collection of videos which have been uploaded by users from around the world.
- encyclopedia. is an online
- Google Picasa is a software for organizing and editing photos.
- is a service for making websites.
- Google Wave is a software for discussing with other people live.
- An update and photo sharing service.
- Google Alerts are email updates of the latest relevant Google results (web, news, etc.) based on your choice of query or topic.
- is a free program that enables website publishers of all sizes to display relevant Google ads and earn money.
- is the enterprise-class web analytics solution that gives you rich insights into your website traffic and marketing effectiveness.
- is the "Google Merchant Center", where you can upload your product feeds and make them easy to find on Google Product Search.
- blogs on a Google website. is a free tool that allows users to publish
- Google+ is a social networking service operated by Google Inc. that is like Facebook. The service launched on June 28, 2011, and is currently out of testing and working.
References[change | change source]
- "Company". Google. http://www.google.com/intl/en/about/corporate/company/. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
- Claburn, Thomas. "Google Founded By Sergey Brin, Larry Page... And Hubert Chang?!?". InformationWeek. http://www.informationweek.com/news/internet/google/210603678. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
- "Locations - Google Jobs". Google.com. http://www.google.com/about/jobs/locations/. Retrieved 2013-09-27.
- "Google Inc, Form 10-K, Annual Report, Filing Date Jan 29, 2013". secdatabase.com. http://edgar.secdatabase.com/1404/119312513028362/filing-main.htm. Retrieved Mar 8, 2013.
- "Google's Income Statement Information". Google. http://investor.google.com/financial/tables.html.
- "Form 10-K". Washington, D.C.: U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. 2010. Part II, Item 6. http://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1288776/000119312511032930/d10k.htm. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
- Koller, David. "Origin of the name, "Google." Stanford University. January, 2004.
- "Google revolution", How it Works (Imagine Publishing) (37): 40-43, 2012-08-09
Other websites[change | change source]
Dictionary definitions from Wiktionary
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Quotations from Wikiquote
Source texts from Wikisource
Images and media from Commons
News stories from Wikinews
Images and media from Wikiversity
Images and media from Wikispecies
Database entry from Wikidata
Documentation from MediaWiki