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Anerood Jugnauth

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Sir Anerood Jugnauth
सर अनिरुद्ध जगन्नाथ

2nd Prime Minister of Mauritius
In office
17 December 2014 – 23 January 2017
PresidentKailash Purryag
Monique Ohsan Bellepeau (Acting)
Ameenah Gurib
Preceded byNavinchandra Ramgoolam
Succeeded byPravind Jugnauth
In office
12 September 2000 – 7 October 2003
PresidentCassam Uteem
Angidi Chettiar
Ariranga Pillay
Karl Offmann
Preceded byNavin Ramgoolam
Succeeded byPaul Bérenger
In office
30 June 1982 – 15 December 1995
MonarchElizabeth II (1982–1992)
PresidentVeerasamy Ringadoo
Cassam Uteem
Governor GeneralDayendranath Burrenchobay
Seewoosagur Ramgoolam
Veerasamy Ringadoo
Preceded bySeewoosagur Ramgoolam
Succeeded byNavin Ramgoolam
4th President of Mauritius
In office
7 October 2003 – 31 March 2012
Prime MinisterPaul Bérenger
Navin Ramgoolam
Vice PresidentRaouf Bundhun
Angidi Chettiar
Monique Ohsan Bellepeau
Preceded byKarl Offmann
Succeeded byMonique Ohsan Bellepeau (Acting)
4th Leader of the Opposition
In office
20 December 1976 – 11 June 1982
Prime MinisterSeewoosagur Ramgoolam
Preceded byGaetan Duval
Succeeded byPaul Bérenger
Leader of the Militant Socialist Movement
In office
8 April 1983 – February 2003
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byPravind Jugnauth
Member of Parliament
for Piton and Rivière du Rempart
In office
11 December 2014 – 07 November 2019
Preceded byPrathiba Bolah
Succeeded byManish Gobin
In office
11 September 2000 – 7 September 2003
Preceded byDeva Virahsawmy
Succeeded byRajesh Jeetah
In office
20 December 1976 – 20 December 1995
Preceded byHurry Ramnarain
Succeeded byDeva Virahsawmy
In office
21 October 1963 – 7 August 1967
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byHurry Ramnarain
Personal details
Born(1930-03-29)29 March 1930
Palma, British Mauritius
Died3 June 2021(2021-06-03) (aged 91)
Floréal, Mauritius
Political partyIndependent Forward Block (Before 1965)
All Hindu Congress (1965–1970)
Mauritian Militant Movement (1970–1982)
Militant Socialist Movement (1983–2003)
Independent (2003–2012)
Spouse(s)Sarojini Ballah
ChildrenPravind & Shalini Devi[1]
Alma materInns of Court School of Law

Sir Anerood Jugnauth GCSK, KCMG, QC, MP, PC (29 March 1930 – 3 June 2021) was a Mauritian politician. He was both President and Prime Minister of Mauritius.[2][3] He was a Member of Parliament for Piton & Riviere Du Rempart.

Early life[change | change source]

Coming from a family of Indian origin, he was born at the Cave in Vacoas. He studied at La Palma Elementary School and High School at Regent College and New Eton College. A lawyer by training, he worked in 1951 in the Department of Justice. In 1964 he was elected to the municipal council of his village, La Palma.

Political career[change | change source]

Prime Minister[change | change source]

He was a member of the Mouvement Militant Mauricien (MMM), and becomes its president, the secretary general being Paul Berenger. He became prime minister in 1982 following the success of the MMM. But in 1983, dissensions within the party led to a break-up of the MMM and the dissolution of the government in 1983. Twelve of his ministers, including Paul Berenger, resigned from the government. Anerood Jugnauth founded the Socialist Militant Movement (MSM) and built an alliance with the Labor Party of Mauritius on the one hand, and with the Mauritian Social Democrat Party (PMSD), Gaétan Duval, on the other. This alliance won the general elections held in 1983 and 1987. A coalition in 1990 with the MMM, sealing the occasional reunion between these two formations, allows him to win the elections of 1991, while the island prepares to abolish the monarchy to become a republic.

He remained prime minister until 1995. From 1982 to 1995, during which he led the Mauritian government, Mauritius experienced a profound economic evolution. In particular, from 1984 to 1988, the growth rate is around 7%. These are years of economic boom with the creation of a local industry. He had as Minister of Economy and Finance, successively in his various governments, Paul Berenger and Vishnu Lutchmeenaraidoo and Rama Sithanen.

He was Prime Minister after the elections of September 2000, then after 3 years, as agreed, ceded his position to his ally of the militant Movement Mauritian, Paul Berenger.

Presidency[change | change source]

In October 2003, he became President of the Republic. In this republic born in 1992, the president has no decision-making power: his role is the symbolic representation of Mauritius abroad. The holder of the executive power is therefore the Prime Minister, a position he held for 12 years. He resigned from the presidency in March 2012.

In 2007, he threatened to leave the Commonwealth to protest the UK's treatment of Chagos residents. He said he could take the United Kingdom to the International Court of Justice over the fate of the islanders. The Chagos Islands, a British colony in the Indian Ocean, were leased to the United States in the 1960s to build a military base. The inhabitants were driven out and the government says they can not come back, but have obtained British citizenship. Most people live in poverty in Mauritius, or as refugees in the UK. The American base was built on the large island of Diego Garcia in the Chagos Archipelago. Mauritius claims the islands as part of its territory, and he claimed that his country was forced by the British to accept the Chagossians as a condition for independence.

On March 30, 2012, he announced his resignation, which took effect the next day, because of his disagreement with the members of the government.

Return as Prime Minister[change | change source]

He won the parliamentary elections in December 2014.

On January 21, 2017, he announced his resignation in a televised speech. On January 23, 2017, he is replaced by the Minister of Finance, his son, Pravind Jugnauth.

Death[change | change source]

Jugnauth died in Floréal, Mauritius on 3 June 2021, aged 91.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. "MedPoint : Rs 15,5m des Rs 144,7m remis à Shalini Jugnauth le 30 décembre 2010". L'Express. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
  2. "YourLocalNews.ca - TC Media's local information websites". Retrieved 9 July 2016.[permanent dead link]
  3. "Mauritius — Central Intelligence Agency". Archived from the original on 26 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-18.
  4. "Fans Mourns Death of Sir Anerood Jugnauth, Death Cause, Obituary". 2021-06-03. Archived from the original on 2023-04-30.