Antimony pentafluoride

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Antimony(V) fluoride liquid phase.

Antimony pentafluoride, also known as antimony(V) fluoride, is a chemical compound. Its chemical formula is SbF5. It has five antimony-fluorine bonds. The antimony is in its +5 oxidation state.

Properties[change | change source]

Antimony pentafluoride is a colorless thick liquid. It is an extremely powerful oxidizing agent and very reactive. It can help fluorine to oxidize oxygen. This is not normal as oxygen normally oxidizes other things; it does not get oxidized. It can make very strong acids when mixed with hydrofluoric acid. It was used in the first reaction that used fluorides to make fluorine.

Preparation[change | change source]

It is made by reacting antimony pentoxide or antimony pentachloride with hydrofluoric acid. It can also be made by reacting antimony trifluoride with fluorine.

Uses[change | change source]

It is used to make very strong acids.

Safety[change | change source]

Antimony pentafluoride reacts with most chemical compounds. It is extremely corrosive and poisonous.

Related pages[change | change source]