Antimony trifluoride

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Antimony trifluoride

Antimony trifluoride, also known as antimony(III) fluoride or Swart's reagent, is a chemical compound. Its chemical formula is SbF3. It has antimony and fluoride ions in it. The antimony is in its +3 oxidation state.

Properties[change | edit source]

Antimony trifluoride is a light gray solid. It dissolves easily in water. It is very corrosive. It has a strong odor.

Preparation[change | edit source]

It is made by reacting antimony trioxide with concentrated hydrofluoric acid or by reacting antimony with a little fluorine.

Uses[change | edit source]

It is used to add fluoride ions to other chemical compounds in organic chemistry. A Belgian chemist reacted a chloride with antimony trifluoride and chlorine to make a fluoride from the chloride. It was used to make Freon. It is also used in pottery and dyeing.

Safety[change | edit source]

Antimony trifluoride is highly corrosive. It is acidic and can burn the digestive system. It also makes ulcers.

Related pages[change | edit source]