Automatic firearm

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
An M2 Browning machine gun. It is surrounded by empty cartridges that have been ejected from the weapon.

An automatic firearm is a firearm which will keep firing as long as the trigger is being pulled and there is still ammunition in the magazine.

Design[change | change source]

An automatic weapon works by firing, automatically removing the cartridge case from the barrel, ejecting it from the side of the gun, and then loads a new cartridge into the barrel.

Uses[change | change source]

An "automatic pistol" or "automatic shotgun" usually means that it has a semi-automatic design. However, fully automatic pistols (for example the Steyr TMP) and shotguns (such as the Daewoo USAS-12) exist. "Automatic rifle" usually means that the rifle has a fully automatic design, not semi-automatic.

In large countries, automatic firearms can usually only be used by the military and police. In countries where automatic firearms can be used by the public, there are usually very strict rules on their use.

A fully automatic weapon (a machine gun) is one that keeps firing bullets as long as the trigger is pulled. It stops when the trigger is let go or the ammunition runs out. Also, any weapon that shoots more than one shot at a time when the trigger is pulled once is legally called a machine gun.[1]

Submachine guns are fully automatic weapons that fire a pistol cartridge. They can also be used by only one person. Sometimes they are called machine pistols. [2]

Patents[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. In United States law, The National Firearms Act of 1934 says that a machine gun is "... any weapon which shoots ... automatically more than one shot, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger."
  2. Di Maio,Vincent J. M. Gunshot wounds: practical aspects of firearms, ballistics, and forensic techniques, p. 15.