Assault rifle

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AK-47 assault rifle with curved magazine and wooden stock facing left
The most used firearm in history, along with its successor, the AKM, is the AK-47. It was first adopted in 1949 by the Soviet Army, and uses the 7.62×39mm M43 round.
M16 assault rifle with metal stock facing right
The M16 was first introduced into service in 1964 with the United States Armed Forces. It uses the 5.56×45mm NATO cartridge.

An assault rifle is a rifle that has a removable magazine, automatic-fire and semi-automatic modes, and uses intermediate cartridges.[1] These cartridges do not have as much power as other rifles, like hunting rifles or battle rifles, but have more power and penetration than pistol cartridges fired by sub-machine guns.

Two rifles made in Italy and Russia before World War I are sometimes called assault rifles. The Germans were the first to use assault rifles in large numbers.

Examples of an 'assault rifle' are the English L85, Russian AK-47, the American M16.

The term “assault rifle” comes from the firearm Sturmgewehr 44 (StG 44), translated to “Assault Rifle 1944”.[2] The armed forces of other sovereign states adopted assault rifles later.


Sources[change | change source]

  1. "assault rifle | Definition, Examples, Facts, & History | Britannica". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2022-05-29.
  2. "Machine Carbine Promoted: MP43 Is Now Assault Rifle StG44, WWII Tactical and Technical Trends, No. 57, April 1945 (Lone Sentry)". www.lonesentry.com. Retrieved 2022-05-29.

Other websites[change | change source]