Avocado

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Avocado
Temporal range: 15–0 Ma Middle Miocene – recent
Close-up picture of foliage and avocado fruit
Avocado fruit and foliage, Réunion island
Avocado Hass - single and halved.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Persea
Species:
P. americana
Binomial name
Persea americana
Synonyms[2]
  • Laurus persea L.
  • Persea americana var. angustifolia Miranda
  • Persea americana var. drymifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) S.F.Blake
  • Persea americana var. nubigena (L.O.Williams) L.E.Kopp
  • Persea drymifolia Cham. & Schltdl.
  • Persea edulis Raf.
  • Persea floccosa Mez
  • Persea gigantea L.O.Williams
  • Persea gratissima C.F.Gaertn.
  • Persea gratissima var. drimyfolia (Schltdl. & Cham.) Mez
  • Persea gratissima var. macrophylla Meisn.
  • Persea gratissima var. oblonga Meisn.
  • Persea gratissima var. praecox Nees
  • Persea gratissima var. vulgaris Meisn.
  • Persea leiogyna Blake
  • Persea nubigena L.O.Williams
  • Persea nubigena var. guatemalensis L.O.Williams
  • Persea paucitriplinervia Lundell
  • Persea persea (L.) Cockerell
  • Persea steyermarkii C.K.Allen

The term avocado refers to a type of berry. It has medium dark green or dark green bumpy or smooth skin depending on the variety. The flesh of an avocado is deep chartreuse green in color near the skin and pale chartreuse green near the core. It has a creamy, rich texture. The word, Avocado came from a aztec word meaning testicle.[3] Avocado trees come from Central America and Mexico. They can grow in many places, as long as it is not too cold.

Avocados have much more fat than most of the other fruits, but it's fat is healthy to eat (monounsaturated fat). Avocados have lots of potassium, B vitamins, and vitamin E and K.[4] The Mexican food called guacamole is made of avocados.[5] Many other foods are also made from avocado. Avocado is poisonous to some animals. Many animals will get very sick or die if they eat avocado. Avocado grows there where the climate is a little windy.

References[change | change source]

  1. Wegier, A., Lorea Hernández, F., Contreras, A., Tobón, W. & Mastretta-Yanes, A. 2017. Persea americana (errata version published in 2018). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T96986556A129765464. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T96986556A96986588.en. Downloaded on 01 May 2021.
  2. "Persea americana Mill". World Flora Online. The World Flora Online Consortium. 2022. Retrieved 25 May 2022.
  3. Zajac, Stephanie. "'Avocado' actually comes from a word meaning 'testicle'". Business Insider. Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  4. "Everything You Need to Know About Avocados". WebMD. Retrieved 2021-05-14.
  5. Myrick, Richard (2012-11-14). "Guacamole Fun Facts | Mobile Cuisine". Mobile Cuisine | Food Truck, Pop Up & Street Food Coverage. Retrieved 2021-05-14.

Other websites[change | change source]