Avocado

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Avocado
Temporal range: 15–0 Ma
Middle Miocene – Recent
Close-up picture of foliage and avocado fruit
Avocado fruit and foliage, Réunion island
Avocado with cross section edit.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Persea
Species: P. americana
Binomial name
Persea americana
Mill.
Synonyms
  • Laurus persea L.
  • Persea americana var. angustifolia Miranda
  • Persea americana var. drymifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) S.F.Blake
  • Persea americana var. nubigena (L.O.Williams) L.E.Kopp
  • Persea drymifolia Cham. & Schltdl.
  • Persea edulis Raf.
  • Persea floccosa Mez
  • Persea gigantea L.O.Williams
  • Persea gratissima C.F.Gaertn.
  • Persea gratissima var. drimyfolia (Schltdl. & Cham.) Mez
  • Persea gratissima var. macrophylla Meisn.
  • Persea gratissima var. oblonga Meisn.
  • Persea gratissima var. praecox Nees
  • Persea gratissima var. vulgaris Meisn.
  • Persea leiogyna Blake
  • Persea nubigena L.O.Williams
  • Persea nubigena var. guatemalensis L.O.Williams
  • Persea paucitriplinervia Lundell
  • Persea persea (L.) Cockerell
  • Persea steyermarkii C.K.Allen [1]

An avocado is a berry fruit. It has medium dark green or dark green bumpy or smooth skin depending on the variety.

The flesh of an avocado is deep chartreuse green in color near the skin and pale chartreuse green near the core. It has a creamy, rich texture.

Avocado trees come from Central America and Mexico. They can grow in many places, as long as it is not too cold.

Avocados have much more fat than most other fruit, but most is fat that is healthy to eat (unsaturated fat). Avocados have lots of potassium, B vitamins, and vitamin E and K.

The Mexican food called guacamole is made of avocados. Many other foods are also made from avocado.

Avocado is poisonous to some animals. Many animals will get very sick or die if they eat avocado.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Persea americana Mill., The Plant List, Version 1". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden. 2010. 

Other websites[change | change source]

Flowers and fruits