Basidiomycota

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Basidiomycota
Haeckel Basimycetes.jpg
Basidiomycetes from Ernst Haeckel's 1904 Kunstformen der Natur
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Fungi
Subkingdom: Dikarya
Division: Basidiomycota
Moore, R.T. 1980[1]
Subdivisions/Classes
Agaricomycotina
Pucciniomycotina
Ustilaginomycotina
Class Incertae sedis (no subdivisions)
Wallemiomycetes

Basidiomycota is a group of higher fungi. It is one of two large phyla that make up the subkingdom Dikarya.[2] The other is the Ascomycota.

These are "higher fungi". They includes jelly and shelf, or bracket fungi, mushrooms, puffballs, and stinkhorns; and the rusts and smuts.[3]

Agaricomycotina[change | change source]

This sub-phylum includes the "classic" mushrooms, polypores, corals, chanterelles, crusts, puffballs and stinkhorns.[4] The three classes in the Agaricomycotina are the Agaricomycetes, the Dacrymycetes, and the Tremellomycetes.[5]

Pucciniomycotina[change | change source]

The Pucciniomycotina include the rust fungi, the insect parasitic/symbiotic genus Septobasidium, a former group of smut fungi (in the Microbotryomycetes, which includes mirror yeasts), and a mixture of odd, infrequently seen, or seldom recognized fungi, often parasitic on plants.

Ustilaginomycotina[change | change source]

The Ustilaginomycotina are most (but not all) of the former smut fungi and the Exobasidiales. The classes of the Ustilaginomycotina are the Exobasidiomycetes, the Entorrhizomycetes, and the Ustilaginomycetes.[6]

References[change | change source]

  1. Moore, R. T. (1980). "Taxonomic proposals for the classification of marine yeasts and other yeast-like fungi including the smuts". Botanica Marina. 23: 371.
  2. Kirk P.M.; Cannon P.F. & Stalpers J.A. 2008. Dictionary of the Fungi, 10th ed. CABI.
  3. Moore R.T. 1980. Taxonomic proposals for the classification of marine yeasts and other yeast-like fungi including the smuts. Botanica Marina 23: 371.
  4. https://cpb-us-e1.wpmucdn.com/blogs.uoregon.edu/dist/c/8944/files/2014/09/Lecture-7-Ustilaginomycets-1w4kndx.pdf
  5. Kirk, Cannon & Stalpers 2008, p. 13
  6. Kirk, Cannon & Stalpers 2008, pp. 717–718