Bell, Book and Candle

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Bell, Book and Candle
Directed by Richard Quine
Produced by Julian Blaustein
Written by Daniel Taradash
Starring
Music by George Duning
Cinematography James Wong Howe
Editing by Charles Nelson
Studio Phoenix Productions, Inc.
Distributed by Columbia Pictures
Release date(s) December 25, 1958 (1958-12-25)
Running time 106 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Money made $2.5 million (estimated US/ Canada rentals)[1]

Bell, Book and Candle is a 1958 American romantic comedy movie, made in Technicolor. It is based on a successful Broadway play of the same name. The plot for the movie was changed to add characters to the scenes. In the play, some minor people are only talked about, but never seen. Also, the movie has action in Manhattan, Greenwich Village, shops, offices and night clubs. The play's scenes take place in one apartment.

The movie stars Kim Novak as a witch who casts a spell on her neighbor, played by James Stewart. Also appearing are Jack Lemmon, Ernie Kovacs, Hermione Gingold and Elsa Lanchester. Ernie Kovaks plays a very confused character, because he is commanded to appear by magic and has no idea where he is or why.

Bell, Book and Candle was Stewart's last leading romantic role in a movie.[2]

Cast[change | change source]

  • James Stewart as Shepherd "Shep" Henderson
  • Kim Novak as Gillian "Gil" Holroyd
  • Jack Lemmon as Nicky Holroyd
  • Ernie Kovacs as Sidney Redlitch
  • Elsa Lanchester as Aunt Queenie Holroyd
  • Hermione Gingold as Bianca De Pass
  • Janice Rule as Merle Kittridge
  • Howard McNear as Andy White, Shep's co-publisher
  • Pyewacket the cat, as himself

Early in 1957 producers began a promotional search for Siamese cats to play Pyewacket.[3] One source said as many as twelve cats would be needed for all the stunts and action in the movie.[4]

Plot[change | change source]

It is the Christmas holiday season in Greenwich Village. Gillian Holroyd is a witch. She does not obey the rules of witchcraft and likes to walk around barefoot. She has not been lucky in love. She is unhappy with her life. She has an admiring love for her neighbor, publisher Shep Henderson.

One day he walks into her African art gallery. He asks to make a telephone call (after Gillian's aunt put a spell on his phone and broke it). Gillian learns Shep is about to marry an old college enemy of hers, Merle Kittridge. Gil and Pyewacket take revenge by casting a spell on Shep, so he has to fall in love with her. She eventually falls in love with him too. She must make a choice, because witches who fall in love lose their supernatural powers. When she decides to love Shep, Gillian's cat and animal spirit, Pyewacket, becomes angry and leaves.

Sidney Redlitch, the author of a best-selling book Magic in Mexico, suddenly appears in Shep's office (thanks to a little magic trick that just takes him there). Gilliam and Pyewacket have him arrive when she finds out Shep wants to meet with him about writing a book together. Redlitch is befuddled and confused but soon catches on. Redlitch is doing research for a book on witches in New York. He gats an "inside" helper when Gillian's warlock brother Nicky offers to help in exchange for a share of the profits.

Gillian later confesses to Shep that she is a witch and has bewitched him. Shep becomes angry, believing she cast a spell on him just to get even with Merle, and the two argue. Gillian tries to cast various spells on Merle, such as making her fall in love with the first man who walks into her apartment. She finds out, however, that she has lost her powers because she loves Shep.

Meanwhile, Shep finds he really cannot leave Gillian, because of the spell. To escape, he turns to another witch, Bianca De Pass who breaks the spell with a horrible cooked brew that he must drink. Shep again fights with Gillian and leaves her heartbroken.

Shep is not able to get back together with Merle. She does not believe the witch story is true. Months later, Shep returns and finds out Gillian has lost her magic powers because of her love for him. Even Pyewacket has left her because she is not still magical. When he realizes her love is true, the two make up.

Success[change | change source]

Bell Book and Candle was said to be a "blockbuster" by Columbia Pictures. Before it was released, the movie got heavy promotion.[5]

Novak appeared with Pyewacket, the cat, on the November 25 cover of Life magazine (LIFE), along with an article.[6] There were also favorable write-ups in other major magazines.

A production number on The Steve Allen Show (a televvision variety show) played the theme music.[7]

Awards[change | change source]

Bell, Book and Candle received Academy Award nominations in two categories: Best Art Direction for Cary Odell and Louis Diage; and Best Costume Design for Jean Louis.

It also received a Golden Globes nomination for Best Motion Picture - Musical or Comedy.[8]

Music[change | change source]

The music heard in the movie was written by George Duning, a Columbia veteran composer. The music uses bongo drums and violins to bring out the magical mood of the plot.[9] Heard during the opening credits, a few lines of "Jingle Bells" music are used to set the time of the story as Christmas.

Each witch, including Pyewacket the cat, has an individual musical tune heard every time they are seen. Duning recorded sounds and replayed them at higher speeds to make the music sound spooky and odd.[9] The soundtrack was released in January 1959.

References[change | change source]

  1. "1959: Probable Domestic Take". Variety. January 6, 1960. p. 34.
  2. Quirk, Lawrence J. (1999). James Stewart: Behind the Scenes of a Wonderful Life. Applause. p. 246. ISBN 978-1-55783-416-4. 
  3. Mosby, Aline (January 7, 1957). "Film Producers Launch Search for Cat With Ava's Personality". The Deseret News. p. A13. Retrieved 2015-09-14. 
  4. Johnson, Erskine (March 4, 1958). "Hollywood Today". The Spencer Daily Reporter. p. 3. Retrieved 2015-09-14. 
  5. "Col. to Push 7 Top Films". Motion Picture Daily 83 (64). April 2, 1958. https://archive.org/stream/motionpicturedai83unse_0#page/n14/mode/1up. Retrieved 2015-09-14. 
  6. "Bewitching Tale About Witches". Life 45 (21): cover; 66–69. November 24, 1958. https://books.google.com/books?id=aD8EAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA67. Retrieved 2015-09-14. 
  7. "Values in Pre-Selling Touted by Rosenfield". Motion Picture Daily 84 (110). December 9, 1958. https://archive.org/stream/motionpicturedai84unse_0#page/n324/mode/1up. Retrieved 2015-09-14. 
  8. "Bell, Book and Candle". Movies. The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-9-26.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  9. 9.0 9.1 Hischak, Thomas S. (2015). The Encyclopedia of Film Composers. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 197. ISBN 978-1-4422-4550-1. 

Other websites[change | change source]