Betta splendens

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Betta (Siamese fighting fish)
Male Betta Fish (Veiltail variety)
Female Betta Fish
Scientific classification
B. splendens
Binomial name
Betta splendens

Betta splendens is a species of freshwater fish in the genus Betta. Bettas are also called betta fish or Siamese fighting fish. They are called Siamese fighting fish because people used to make them fight each other.[1] Betta splendens are native to Thailand. They are a popular aquarium fish species. They are known for their interesting behavior, bright colors, and ability to breathe air.

In the wild[change | change source]

In the wild, bettas live in rice paddies, canals, and small rivers.[2]

Betta splendens is listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.[3] This means that Betta splendens may become endangered soon.

Appearance[change | change source]

Males are more colorful and usually have larger fins than the females.[1] There are many color patterns and fin types of Betta splendens. Female bettas have a pointier shape at their stomachs. Betta splendens can be up to 6.5 centimeters long.[2]

Breeding[change | change source]

The Siamese fighting fish has been bred to have large and colorful fins. Wild Betta splendens do not have bright colors. Bettas are a popular aquarium fish. They are known for their interesting behavior and ability to breathe air. A popular fin type is the veiltail, which has long droopy fins that look like a dress. Red and blue are the most common colors in betta fish. Some people think that white, black, and green bettas are rare. Before a male Betta splendens begins to mate with a female, the male betta will create a nest of bubbles by blowing mucus-coated bubbles towards the surface of the water.[4]

Behavior[change | change source]

If betta fish are kept in a small area, the males will fight each other. Bettas will also nip (bite) the fins of some fish. If a male betta engages with an opponent male, the betta will make his fins flare up, position his gill covers outwards, and move his tail in a lateral beating movement. They can also get aggressive if they see their own reflection.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Betta splendens – Siamese Fighting Fish (Micracanthus marchei)". Seriously Fish. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Betta splendens summary page". FishBase. Retrieved 2018-12-25.[permanent dead link]
  3. "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 2018-12-25.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Lichak, Madison R; Barber, Joshua R; Kwon, Young Mi; Francis, Kerel X; Bendesky, Andres (2022-06-01). "Care and Use of Siamese Fighting Fish (Betta Splendens) for Research". Comparative Medicine. 72 (3): 169–180. doi:10.30802/AALAS-CM-22-000051. PMC 9334006. PMID 35701081.