Betta splendens

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Betta (Siamese fighting fish)
Male Betta Fish (Veiltail variety)
Betta splendens female.jpg
Female Betta Fish
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Osphronemidae
Genus: Betta
Species: B. splendens
Binomial name
Betta splendens
Regan, 1910

Betta splendens, also called the Siamese Fighting Fish or simply Betta fish, is a species of gourami fish from Thailand. The Betta fish naturally lives in large shallow rice fields. The Siamese Fighting Fish has been bred to have large and colorful fins, and are a popular ornamental aquarium fish. In the wild, they are rather dull in color. Today, you can find these fish in aquarium/pet shops across the world in many different varieties. They are known for their interesting behavior and ability to breath air. These fish are typically 2-3 inches in length, with females being on the larger size.

Appearance[change | change source]

Males appear more colorful and tend to have larger fins than the females. Males come in all sorts of color patterns and fin types. Female Bettas have a more pointy shape at their stomachs. A popular fin type is the veiltail, which has long droopy fins resembling a dress. Red and Blue are the most common colors in betta fish. White, Black, and Green bettas are considered rare by some.

Behavior[change | change source]

If Betta fish are kept in a small area, the males will fight each other and can not be put together. They will also nip (bite) the fins of some fish.