Bhupathy's purple frog

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Bhupathy's purple frog
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Nasikabatrachidae
Genus: Nasikabatrachus
Species:
N. bhupathi
Binomial name
Nasikabatrachus bhupathi
Janani et al. 2017[2]

Nasikabatrachus bhupathi, or Bhupathy's purple frog, lives in the Western Ghat mountains in India. It is a purple cave frog that lives underground almost all the time.[3] [4][5]

Bodies[change | change source]

Many species of frog dig underground a little, but Bhupathy's purple frogs live undergound almost all the time. They have front limbs shaped like shovels for digging and long noses so they can stick their tongues aboveground and lick the surface to catch ants to eat. They do not have shoot-and-pull-back tongues like other frogs.[3]

Adult frogs have purple skins and a thin blue ring around each eye.

The frog has one close relative, the purple frog, N. sahyadrensis, which was first found in the Western Ghats in 2003.

Bhupathy's purple frog looks like its close relative N. sahyadrensis (shown) but it has light purple skin and a blue ring around its eye.

Life cycle[change | change source]

The tadpoles do not swim in ponds or streams. Instead, they grab the stones behind waterfalls, where they spend six months eating algae.[3] Young frogs, called imagos, have brown skin. They turn purple when they are adults.[5]

Adult frogs only come aboveground when the rain falls at the beginning of the northeast[5] monsoon season, when they find mates.

Discovery[change | change source]

Scientists from Hyderabad's Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology discovered the frog in 2017. They named the frog after scientist Dr. Subramaniam Bhupathy, who died in the Western Ghat Mountains in 2014.[3] They wrote about N. bhupathi in Alytes, the official magazine of the International Society for the Study and Conservation of Amphibians. They found N. bhupathi by listening for frog sounds coming up from underground.[5]

"This frog lineage is very ancient, and has a very low diversity, so this finding is very special and unusual," said Elizabeth Prendini of the American Museum of Natural History, who helped write the scientific paper about the discovery.[3]

The scientists did not to say exactly where they found the sample frogs because it was on private property.[5]

This discovery was paid for by the Indian government in a project to sample the DNA of every frog in the country.[3]

Other ideas[change | change source]

Some scientists said that because N. bhupathy, which lives in India, has close relatives in the Seychelles, which are close to Africa, it is likely that the Gondwanaland idea of why the continents are where they are is right. This idea says that Africa and India used to be one large continent, called Gondwanaland.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Nasikabatrachus bhupathi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017. Retrieved 29 September 2017. This taxon has not yet been assessed for the IUCN Red List, and also is not in the Catalogue of Life.
  2. Janani, S. Jegath; Vasudevan, Karthikeyan; Prendini, Elizabeth; Dutta, Sushil Kumar; Aggarwal, Ramesh K. (13 August 2017). "A new Species of the Genus Nasikabatrachus (Anura, Nasikabatrachidae) from the Eastern Slopes of the Western Ghats, India" (PDF). Alytes, the International Journal of Batrachology. 34 (1–4): 1–19. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Bittel, Jason (2017-08-24). "New Purple Pig-Nose Frog Found in Remote Mountains". National Geographic. Weird & Wild. Washington, DC.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Aathira Perinchery (August 23, 2017). "'N. bhupathi', a frog with the face of a pig". The Hindu.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 S. Jegath Janani, Karthikeyan Vasudevan, Elizabeth Prendini, Sushil Kumar Dutta, Ramesh K. Aggarwa (July 31, 2017). "A new species of the genus Nasikabatrachus (Anura, Nasikabatrachidae) from the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats, India" (PDF). Alytes.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)