Bikol languages

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Bikol is a language spoken by people in the Bicol region on southeastern Luzon in the Philippines. It was highly influenced by the Spanish language. The Bicol Languages are a group of central Philippine languages spoken mostly on the Bicol Peninsula of the island of Luzon and also parts of Catanduanes and Burias Islands and Masbate province. There is a dialect continuum between the Visayan languages and the Bicol languages; the two together are called the Bisacol languages. Central Bicol or commonly called as Bicol-Legaspi or Bicol-Naga is the most spoken language in the Bicol region of southern Luzon. It is spoken in the northern and western part of Camarines Sur, second congressional district of Camarines Norte, eastern part of Albay, northeastern part of Sorsogon, San Pascual town of Masbate and southwestern part of Catanduanes. Central Bicol speakers can be found in all the provinces in Bicol and it is a majority language in Camarines Sur. The standard Sprachraum form is based on the Canaman dialect.

Pronunciation guide

Stressed Syllable.
First syllable.
á
as in "father".
í
as in "building".
ó
as in "offer".
Stressed Syllable.
Second syllable.
á
as in "apart".
í
as in "repeat".
ó
as in "assault".
Glottal Stops.
â
as in "salâ", a Bicol word which means "wrong".
î
as in "atî", a Bicol word which means "dirt".
ô
as in "odô", a Bicol word which means "feces".
Consonants.
b
as in "boy".
k
as in "kite".
d
as in "dog".
g
as in "goat".
h
as in "house".
l
as in "light".
m
as in "moon".
n
as in "night".
p
as in "poop".
r
as in "rice".
s
as in "sun".
t
as in "toy".
w
as in "white".
y
as in "yes".

Comprative

mas — used to contrast two things, place, individuals.
"mas dakula", which means bigger.
pareho/parehas — used to compare two objects,place,individuals.
"pareho dakula", which means the same big size.


Superlative

"pinaka-", usually pertain to the best.
"pinakadakula", which means the biggest.


"-un/-on", usually to intensify the adjective.
"dakulaon", which means relatively bigger compared to the other object, place, individual.

Vowels[change | change source]

a
as in "cat".
e
as in "bed".
i
as in "week".
o
as in "open".
u
as in "book"
Double vowel is pronounced as,
uä.
e.g. the English word, naïve.

Consonants[change | change source]

b
as in "bed".
k
as in "kitten".
d
as in "dog".
g
as in "goat".
h
as in "house".
l
as in "lizard".
m
as in "milk".
n
as in "new".
ng
as in "song".
p
as in "pine".
r
as in "rice".
s
as in "sweet".
t
as in "two".
w
as in "weight".
y
as in "you"

Common diphthongs[change | change source]

aw
as in "wow".
iw
as in "aliw".
ay
as in "buy".
oy
as in "boy".