|Boeing 377 Stratocruiser|
|Pan Am Stratocruiser Clipper Seven Seas arriving at London Heathrow in September 1954.|
|First flight||July 8, 1947|
|Primary user||Pan Am|
|Developed from||Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter|
|Variants||Pregnant Guppy |
The Boeing 377, sometimes called the Stratocruiser, was an airliner made by Boeing after World War II. It was made from the C-97 Stratofreighter, which was a type of Boeing B-29 Superfortress used to move troops around. The Stratocruiser first took off on July 8, 1947.
The Stratocruiser had four piston engines. It had a pressurized cabin and two decks. Airlines could fly for much longer with the Stratocruiser, to places like Hawaii.
However, the Stratocruiser was a lot more expensive than the Douglas DC-6 and Lockheed Constellation. Only 55 Stratocruisers were made for airlines.
Design and development[change | change source]
The Boeing 377 used the bottom and the wings of the B-50 Superfortress. The 377 was bigger than the Lockheed Constellation and Douglas DC-6 and it could fly for longer. Boeing stopped making the 377 in 1950.
Pressurization (first used on the Boeing 307) meant that if the plane was flying at 15,500 ft (4,700 m), to the passengers it would be like they were on the ground.
History[change | change source]
56 Stratocruisers were made. 55 of these were made for airlines.
The Stratocruiser flew to Hawaii as well as many other places. It was one of the only planes with two decks (another one was the Breguet Deux-Ponts) until the Boeing 747 was made.
In the early 1960s the Stratocruiser was overtaken by jet planes like the de Havilland Comet, Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8.
Different types of Boeing 377[change | change source]
- Prototype. It was given to Pan American World Airways in 1950.
- 20 given to Pan American World Airways.
- 10 aircraft with better engines and more fuel. It was called the "Super Stratocruiser".
Many other types were made, but most of them only had changes made to the shape of the windows.
Aero Spacelines Guppy[change | change source]
A company called Aero Spacelines started changing 377s to planes called Guppies in 1960s. There were three types: the Pregnant Guppy, Super Guppy, and Mini Guppy.
The first of them was the Pregnant Guppy. After this they made the Super Guppy and then the Mini Guppy. The Super Guppy and the Mini Guppy had turboprop engines.
Users[change | change source]
- American Overseas Airlines
- Northwest Orient Airlines
- Pan American World Airways
- Transocean Air Lines
- United Airlines
Accidents[change | change source]
The Stratocruiser had 13 hull-loss accidents between 1951 and 1970. A hull-loss accident is when a plane is damaged so badly it cannot be fixed. 140 people died in these. The worst accident happened on April 29, 1952.
Details (377)[change | change source]
Data from Airliners of the World
- Crew: 4 flight crew + cabin crew
- Capacity: Up to 100 passengers on main deck plus 14 in lower deck lounge; typical seating for 63 or 84 passengers or 28 berthed and five seated passengers.
- Length: 110 ft 4 in (33.63 m)
- Wingspan: 131 ft 3 in (40.01 m)
- Height: 38 ft 3 in (11.66 m)
- Wing area: 1,769 sq ft (164.3 m2)
- Empty weight: 83,500 lb (37,875 kg)
- Max takeoff weight: 148,000 lb (67,132 kg)
- Powerplant: 4 × Pratt & Whitney R-4360-B6 Wasp Major 28-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines, 3,500 hp (2,600 kW) each
- Propellers: 4-bladed constant-speed fully-feathering propellers
- Maximum speed: 375 mph (604 km/h; 326 kn)
- Cruise speed: 301 mph (484 km/h; 262 kn)
- Maximum cruise speed: 240 mph (210 kn; 390 km/h)
- Range: 4,200 mi (3,650 nmi; 6,759 km)
- Service ceiling: 32,000 ft (9,800 m)
Related pages[change | change source]
- Aircraft related to this one
References[change | change source]
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Boeing History: Stratocruiser Commercial Transport". Boeing.com. 1947-07-08. Retrieved 2012-06-18.
- ↑ Pushing the Envelope: The American Aircraft Industry By Donald M. Pattillo
- ↑ Flight Simulation is Stimulation - Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Archived 2011-08-13 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 3/31/11
- ↑ Israeli-Weapons.com - Anak(Boeing 377) Retrieved 3/31/11
- ↑ Flickriver - Israel07 Israel Air Force Museum by brewbooks Retrieved 3/31/11
- ↑ All About Guppys.com Retrieved 4/1/11
- ↑ Aviastar.org - Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Retrieved 4/13/11
- ↑ Wilson, Stewart (1999). Airliners of the World. Fyshwick, Australia: Aerospace Publications. ISBN 1-875671-44-7.
- Wilson, Stewart (1999). Airliners of the World. Fyshwick, Australia: Aerospace Publications. ISBN 1-875671-44-7.
- Boeing 377 – Stratocruiser A very comprehensive enthusiast page on the type
- The Aviation History On-Line Museum – Boeing 377 Stratocruiser
- California Classic – The Boeing Model 377 Stratocruiser
- Air Disaster, Vol. 4: The Propeller Era, by Macarthur Job, Aerospace Publications Pty. Ltd. (Australia), 2001 ISBN 1-875671-48-X