Bourbon Restoration

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kingdom of France
Royaume de France
1814–1815
1815–1830
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Motto
Montjoie Saint Denis!
"Montjoy Saint Denis!"
Anthem
Le Retour des Princes français à Paris
"The Return of the French Princes to Paris"
Capital Paris
Languages French
Religion Roman Catholicism
Government Constitutional monarchy
King
 •  1814–1824 Louis XVIII
 •  1824–1830 Charles X
Prime Minister
 •  1815 Charles de Bénévent (first)
 •  1829–1830 Jules de Polignac (last)
Legislature Parliament
 •  Upper house Chamber of Peers
 •  Lower house Chamber of Deputies
History
 •  Restoration 6 April 1814
 •  Treaty of Paris 30 May 1814
 •  Constitution adopted 4 June 1814
 •  Hundred Days 20 Mar – 7 Jul 1815
 •  Invasion of Spain 6 April 1823
 •  July Revolution 26 July 1830
Area
 •  1815 560,000 km2 (220,000 sq mi)
Currency French franc
Preceded by
Succeeded by
First French Empire
July Monarchy

The Bourbon Restoration was the return of the House of Bourbon to France after the French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte. It began in 1814 after Napoleon was defeated and exiled to Elba island off the coast of Italy. Louis XVIII of France, the younger brother of Louis XVI of France, was named king in 1814 by the Congress of Vienna.

After being removed by Napoleon during the Hundred Days, Louis XVIII was returned to power in 1815 and died in 1824. Louis XVIII was succeeded by his younger brother Charles X of France who ruled until he was removed in 1830 by the July Revolution.