Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
|Ferdinando I (III / IV)|
King Ferdinando I
|King of the Two Sicilies|
|Reign||12 December 1816 – 4 January 1825|
|Born||12 January 1751|
Naples, Kingdom of Naples
|Died||4 January 1825 (aged 73)|
Naples, Two Sicilies
Basilica of Santa Chiara, Naples
|Spouse||Maria Carolina of Austria|
|Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress|
Maria Luisa, Grand Duchess of Tuscany
Prince Carlo, Duke of Calabria
Francis I of the Two Sicilies
Maria Cristina, Queen of Sardinia
Maria Amalia, Queen of the French
Maria Antonia, Princess of Asturias
Leopold, Prince of Salerno
|House||Bourbons of the Two Sicilies|
|Father||Charles III of Spain|
|Mother||Maria Amalia of Saxony|
Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies was the first King of the united Kingdom of the Two Siclies. The Kingdom was created on 12 December 1816 having united the separate crown of Naples and Sicily. He was a member of the House of Bourbon. Before that he had been, since 1759, Ferdinando IV of the Kingdom of Naples and Ferdinando III of the Kingdom of Sicily. He was deposed twice from the throne of Naples. The first time by the French revolutionary armies in 1799 and again by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1806.
Titles and styles[change | change source]
- 12 January 1751 – 10 August 1759 His Royal Highness Prince Ferdinando of Naples and Sicily, Infante of Spain
- 10 August 1759 – 12 December 1816 His Majesty The King of Naples and Sicily
- 23 January 1799 – 13 June 1799 Titular King of Naples
- 30 March 1806 – 22 May 1815 Titular King of Naples
- 12 December 1816 – 4 January 1825 His Majesty The King of the Two Sicilies
Family[change | change source]
- Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily (1772–1807). She married Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor.
- Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily (1773–1802).
- Carlo, Duke of Calabria (1775–1778).
- Maria Anna of Naples and Sicily ("Mariana", 1775–1780).
- Francis I of the Two Sicilies (1777–1830), King of the Two Sicilies.
- Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily ("Mimi", 1779–1849), later Queen of Sardinia.
- Prince Gennaro of Naples and Sicily, ("Carlo", 1780–1789).
- Prince Giuseppe of Naples and Sicily (1781–1783).
- Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily ("Amélie", 1782–1866), Queen of the French.
- Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily ("Toto", 1784–1806).
- Maria Clotilde of Naples and Sicily ("Clotilda", (1786–1792).
- Maria Henrietta of Naples and Sicily ("Enrichetta", 1787–1792).
- Gennaro (1788–1789).
- Leopold, Prince of Salerno ("Leopoldo", 1790–1851).
- Prince Alberto of Naples and Sicily ("Alberto", 1792–1798).
- Maria Isabelle of Naples and Sicily ("Isabella", 1793–1801).
References[change | change source]
- Roland Sarti, Italy: A Reference Guide from the Renaissance to the Present (New York, NY: Facts On File, 2004), p. 276
- Barry Jones, Dictionary of World Biography (Acton: A.C.T. ANU E Press, 2013), p. 285
- Justin C. Vovk, In Destiny's Hands: Five Tragic Rulers, Children of Maria Theresa (Bloomington, IN: iUniverse, Inc., 2010), pp. xix–xx
- Guida Myrl Jackson-Laufer, Women Rulers Throughout the Ages: An Illustrated Guide (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 1999), p. 261