Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was a kingdom in southern Italy from 1816 until 1861. It was created by Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies, after the Congress of Vienna of 1814, by uniting the Kingdom of Sicily and the Kingdom of Naples, which had been ruled by Joseph Bonaparte during the reign of Napoleon.
The capital of the kingdom was Naples. Roman Catholicism was the state religion. The House of Bourbon was the ruling dynasty. The kingdom was full of corruption and poverty: mainly because of this, most of the population welcomed the Risorgimento with the unification of southern Italy to the rest of Italy in 1861.
In 1861, Sicily was captured by Giuseppe Garibaldi and his men, who were known as "red shirts". This was welcomed by the local population. Garibaldi then crossed the Strait of Messina and captured Naples. It then joined the Kingdom of Italy.
Administrative division[change | edit source]
The peninsula was divided into fifteen "departments" and the island of Sicily was divided into seven departments. The island itself had a special administrative status[source?], with its base at Palermo.
In 1860, when the Two Sicilies were conquered by Garibaldi, the departments later became provinces of Italy, according to the so called "Rattazzi law".
Notes[change | edit source]
- (Italian) Pompilio Petitti (1851). Repertorio amministrativo ossia collezione di leggi, decreti, reali rescritti ecc. sull'amministrazione civile del Regno delle Due Sicilie, vol. 1. Naples: Stabilimento Migliaccio. pp. 1, 4. http://books.google.it/books?id=gKRBAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA4.