Brown huntsman spider

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Brown huntsman spider
Ashidakagumo3768.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
H. venatoria
Binomial name
Heteropoda venatoria
Latreille, 1802
Synonyms

Aranea venatoria
Aranea regia
Aranea pallens
Thomisus leucosius
Micrommata setulosa
Ocypete setulosa
Olios leucosius
Olios antillianus
Olios freycineti
Olios colombianus
Ocypete pallens
Olius setulosus
Ocypete murina
Ocypete draco
Olios albifrons
Olios javensis
Olios gabonensis
Olios zonatus
Olios lunula
Sparassus ammanita
Ocypete bruneiceps
Olios leucosius
Olius regius
Sarotes regius
Helicops maderiana
Sarotes venatorius
Palystes maderianus
Olios maderianus
Heteropoda ferina
H. regia
H. ocellata
Palystes ledleyi
H. squamacea
Sinopoda pengi
H. shimen
Sinopoda venatoria

The Brown huntsman spider, Heteropoda venatoria, is found in many tropical and subtropical parts of the world, including Asia, Réunion Island, the Caribbean islands, the Southeastern US, and (especially) Australia. In Hawaii it is called the cane spider.

Description[change | change source]

They have a flat type of body and only a small dorsal pattern. Adults can grow to be 2.2 to 2.8 cm, and have a leg span of 7 to 12 cm. Some have colors of brown, white and black.[1]

Females have a larger abdomen than males but males have longer and thinner legs with a slim body. Both have a wide, yellow to cream clypeus band around the rest of the carapace.[2] The female also has a strong body and often carries a pillow-like egg sac under her.

Food[change | change source]

Brown huntsman spiders do not use spider webs to feed on prey.[3] These spiders are known to hunt by waiting and making no noise above their prey, and then rush forward when their prey get close. They are fast, agile and can move through tight spaces. They feed at night.

If you let them into your home, they will eat unwanted bugs and insects like cockroaches and silverfish.

References[change | change source]

  1. Australian Museum Online (accessed Jan. 9, 2009)
  2. University of Florida (accessed Jan. 9, 2009)
  3. Olsen, Alan (1995). Fundamentals of Microanalytical Entomology: A Practical Guide to Detecting and Identifying Filth in Foods. CRC Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-8493-8925-2.