This article is about a World Heritage Site

Bukhara

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Bukhara
Buxoro / Бухоро
2012 Bukhara 7515821196.jpg
Le minaret et la mosquée Kalon (Boukhara, Ouzbékistan) (5658826884).jpg Ark Citadel.jpg
Mir-i-Arab madrasa outside general view.JPG La médersa Tchor Minor (Boukhara, Ouzbékistan) (5675552866).jpg
Bukhara is located in Uzbekistan
Bukhara
Bukhara
Location in Uzbekistan
Coordinates: 39°46′N 64°26′E / 39.767°N 64.433°E / 39.767; 64.433
Country  Uzbekistan
Region Bukhara Region
Founded 6th Century BC
First mention 500
Government
 • Type City Administration
 • Hakim (Mayor) Qiyomiddin Rustamov
Area
 • City 39.4 km2 (15.2 sq mi)
Elevation 225 m (738 ft)
Population (2009)
 • City 263,400
 • Density 6,685/km2 (17,315/sq mi)
 • Urban 283,400
 • Metro 328,400
Time zone GMT +5
Postcode 2001ХХ
Area code(s) (+998) 65
Vehicle registration 20 (previous to 2008)
80-84 (2008 and newer)
Website http://www.buxoro.uz/

Bukhara (Uzbek: Buxoro; Tajik: Бухоро; Russian: Бухара́) is the capital of the Bukhara Province of Uzbekistan. It is the nation's fifth-largest city. It had about 263,400 people at the 2009 census. People have lived in the area for at least five millennia, and the city has existed for half that time. The city is on the Silk Road. That made it a center of trade, scholarship, culture, and religion. The historic center of Bukhara, which has many mosques and madrassas, is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. There are many Uzbeks and Tajiks. The city has Jews and other ethnic minorities.

Names[change | change source]

Bukhara was called Bokhara in 19th and early 20th century English publications and as Buhe/Puhe(捕喝) in Tang Chinese.[1]

Transportation[change | change source]

The M37 highway connects the city to most of the major cities in Turkmenistan including Ashgabat.

Notable people[change | change source]

Stork's Nest at the top of a palace wall, before 1915
Trade dome Tagi Zargaron 16-th century (photo 2003)

Many important people lived in Bukhara in the past. Most famous of them are:

References[change | change source]

  1. "UMID" Foundation, Uzbekistan. "General Info". Retrieved 2007-10-04.