This article is about a World Heritage Site

Bukhara

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Bukhara

Buxoro / Бухоро
2012 Bukhara 7515821196.jpg
Le minaret et la mosquée Kalon (Boukhara, Ouzbékistan) (5658826884).jpgArk Citadel.jpg
Mir-i-Arab madrasa outside general view.JPGLa médersa Tchor Minor (Boukhara, Ouzbékistan) (5675552866).jpg
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Coordinates: 39°46′N 64°26′E / 39.767°N 64.433°E / 39.767; 64.433
Country Uzbekistan
RegionBukhara Region
Founded6th Century BC
First mention500
Government
 • TypeCity Administration
 • Hakim (Mayor)Qiyomiddin Rustamov
Area
 • City39.4 km2 (15.2 sq mi)
Elevation
225 m (738 ft)
Population
(2009)
 • City263,400
 • Density6,700/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
 • Urban
283,400
 • Metro
328,400
Time zoneGMT +5
Postcode
2001ХХ
Area code(s)(+998) 65
Vehicle registration20 (previous to 2008)
80-84 (2008 and newer)
Websitehttp://www.buxoro.uz/

Bukhara (Uzbek: Buxoro; Tajik: Бухоро; Russian: Бухара́) is the capital of the Bukhara Province of Uzbekistan. It is the nation's fifth-largest city. It had about 263,400 people at the 2009 census. People have lived in the area for at least five millennia, and the city has existed for half that time. The city is on the Silk Road. That made it a center of trade, scholarship, culture, and religion. The historic center of Bukhara, which has many mosques and madrassas, is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. There are many Uzbeks and Tajiks. The city has Jews and other ethnic minorities.

Names[change | change source]

Bukhara was called Bokhara in 19th and early 20th century English publications and as Buhe/Puhe(捕喝) in Tang Chinese.[1]

Transportation[change | change source]

The M37 highway connects the city to most of the major cities in Turkmenistan including Ashgabat.

Notable people[change | change source]

Stork's Nest at the top of a palace wall, before 1915
Trade dome Tagi Zargaron 16-th century (photo 2003)

Many important people lived in Bukhara in the past. Most famous of them are:

References[change | change source]

  1. "UMID" Foundation, Uzbekistan. "General Info". Retrieved 2007-10-04.