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politics and government of
The job of the cabinet is listed in the articles 62 to 69 of the constitution. This also has the oath of office that the minister must take.
The Chancellor is responsible for the administrative work of the Federal Government, but the work is delegated to the Head of the Federal Chancellery.
The Chancellor sets the general policy of the Federal Government, and what each ministry should do. The Federal Ministers are responsible for what happens in their own departments, and for making sure that the ministry keeps to the general ideas of the Chancellor. This is known as the departmental principle (German: Ressortprinzip).
If two Federal Ministers disagree about what should be done or about who is to do it or how it is to be done, the Federal Government decides with a majority decision. The is called the cooperative principle (German: Kollegialprinzip).
The Federal Minister Law (German: Bundesministergesetz) says that a retired member of the Federal Government can have a retirement pension, if they have been a minister for at least two years. Time as a junior minister (US "Undersecretary"), who in Germany are called parliamentary permanent secretaries, is counted, and so is previous membership in a Land (state) government.
Parliamentary permanent secretaries and state ministers are not members of the Federal Government, but do help them in their job.
As a rule, the Federal Cabinet meets in the Federal Chancellery every Wednesday at 9:30 a.m.
Third Merkel Cabinet[change | change source]
|Federal Chancellor||Angela Merkel||CDU|
|Foreign Office and Deputy Federal Chancellor||Sigmar Gabriel||SPD|
|Economic Affairs and Energy||Brigitte Zypries||SPD|
|Interior||Thomas de Maizière||CDU|
|Justice and Consumer Protection||Heiko Maas||SPD|
|Labour and Social Affairs||Andrea Nahles||SPD|
|Food and Agriculture||Christian Schmidt||CSU|
|Defence||Ursula von der Leyen||CDU|
|Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth||Katarina Barley||SPD|
|Transport and Digital Infrastructure||Alexander Dobrindt||CSU|
|Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety||Barbara Hendricks||SPD|
|Education and Research||Johanna Wanka||CDU|
|Economic Cooperation and Development||Gerd Müller||CSU|
|Federal Minister for Special Tasks and Head of the Federal Chancellery||Peter Altmaier||CDU|
Lawyers in the Federal Government[change | change source]
This table lists the number and percentage of members of the federal government who were lawyers. In Germany the time between elections is called a "legislative period". In the United Kingdom this would be called a Parliament or in the United States a Congress.
|Legislative period||Fully qualified lawyers|
|1. (1949–1953)||6 of 14||42.9%|
|2. (1953–1957)||5 of 20||25.0%|
|3. (1957–1961)||7 of 18||38.9%|
|4. (1961–1965)||8 of 21||38.1%|
|7 of 22||31.8%|
|5. (1965–1969)||7 of 22||31.8%|
|6 of 20||30.0%|
|6. (1969–1972)||4 of 16||25.0%|
|7. (1972–1976)||8 of 18||44.4%|
|4 of 16||25.0%|
|8. (1976–1980)||4 of 16||25.0%|
|9. (1980–1983)||8 of 17||47.1%|
|8 of 17||47.1%|
|10. (1983–1987)||8 of 17||47.1%|
|11. (1987–1990)||9 of 19||47.4%|
|12. (1990–1994)||6 of 20||33.3%|
|13. (1994–1998)||9 of 18||50.0%|
|14. (1998–2002)||3 of 16||18.8%|
|15. (2002–2005)||6 of 14||42.9%|
|16. (2005–2009)||6 of 16||37.5%|
|17. (2009–2013)||7 of 16||43.8%|
|18. (2013-2018)||9 of 16||56,2%|