Campylobacter

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Campylobacter
Campylobacter cells
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Epsilonproteobacteria
Order: Campylobacterales
Family: Campylobacteraceae
Genus: Campylobacter

Campylobacter is a genus of bacteria.[1] It is found in the intestines of many types of animal. Campylobacter is the most common bacterial cause of diarrhea and food poisoning. It is spiral shaped, and moves by using its flagella.

Campylobacteriosis is a gastrointestinal tract infection caused by Campylobacter. It causes inflammation, sometimes bloody diarrhea, cramps, fever, and pain.[2][3]

Campylobacteriosis is more common during the summer months. It also appears to be more common in males than females. It is caused by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Eating raw meat or undercooked poultry, and raw dairy products are common causes.[3]

In January 2013, the UK's Food Standards Agency warned that two-thirds of all raw chicken bought from UK shops was contaminated with Campylobacter.[4] It affects about half a million people annually and kills about 100.[5]

References[change | change source]

  1. Vandamme, Peter et al 2006. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology: volume 2: The Proteobacteria (Part C). 2nd ed, Springer, pp. 1147–1160. ISBN 978-0-387-29298-4
  2. Humphrey, Tom; O'Brien, Sarah; Madsen, Mogens (2007). "Campylobacters as zoonotic pathogens: a food production perspective". International Journal of Food Microbiology 117 (3): 237–57. doi:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2007.01.006. PMID 17368847.
  3. 3.0 3.1 CDC (April 18, 2013). "Infections from some foodborne germs increased, while others remained unchanged in 2012". Press release. http://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2013/p0418-foodborne-germs.html. Retrieved October 22, 2015.
  4. Food Standards Agency (May 28, 2015). "Campylobacter survey: cumulative results from the full 12 months (Q1 - Q4)". Press release. http://www.food.gov.uk/news-updates/news/2015/14003/campylobacter-survey-results-12months. Retrieved October 23, 2015.
  5. "FSA warns that chicken bacteria could be next meat scandal". The Telegraph. January 23, 2013. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/foodanddrink/foodanddrinknews/9820838/FSA-warns-that-chicken-bacteria-could-be-next-meat-scandal.html.