From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
New South Wales
Gaskill Street, the main street of Canowindra
Canowindra is located in New South Wales
Coordinates33°34′0″S 148°40′0″E / 33.56667°S 148.66667°E / -33.56667; 148.66667Coordinates: 33°34′0″S 148°40′0″E / 33.56667°S 148.66667°E / -33.56667; 148.66667
Population2,258 (2016 census)[1]
Elevation300 m (984 ft)
  • 317 km (197 mi) W of Sydney
  • 59 km (37 mi) SW of Orange
  • 32 km (20 mi) N of Cowra
LGA(s)Cabonne Shire
State electorate(s)Orange
Federal Division(s)Calare
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
24.7 °C
76 °F
8.1 °C
47 °F
602 mm
23.7 in

Canowindra (pronounced Can-noun-dra) is an historic town near Cowra in the central west of New South Wales, Australia. Canowindra is on the Belubula River.

History[change | change source]

A post office opened in 1847. The mail came through Carcoar. It was not part of the road to the Lachlan because it didn't have a bridge.

In October 1863, bushranger Ben Hall's gang took over the village for three days. Everyone was held hostage in the hotel. The gang held a big party for everyone in the hotel. A monument to Ben Hall was put up in 1951 on the site of Robinson's hotel, the Travellers' Rest. New research shows that the events happened at an hotel on the other side of the river.

Modern Canowindra[change | change source]

The Royal Hotel is on the site of another hotel owned by Robinson. A sign on the wall says this was where Ben Hall's gang had their party. Other important buildings include the nursing home, the Junction Hotel, Finn's Building, the Victoria Hotel, the former Bank of NSW and the former CBC Bank. The Trading Post is a homewares shop that won a tourism award for 2006.

Canowindra is also known as the Balloon Capital of Australia. One of the largest festivals in Australia used to take place here every April. This was called Marti's Fiesta, which is no longer held due to lack of money.[2]

Australian country music star Captain Flange makes his home in Canowindra.

Fossils[change | change source]

The town is the site of one of the world's great fossil discoveries. A road worker in 1956 found 360 million year old fish fossils. These were from the Devonian period in the Palaeozoic era. The "Canowindra slab" was taken to the Australian Museum, Sydney. The fish had been trapped in a pool of water that dried up. The fish found were two armoured antiarch placoderms, Remigolepis walkeri and Bothriolepis yeungae.[3] They also found Canowindra grassi, a lobe-finned crossopterygian fish, with two rare young arthrodire placoderms, Groenlandaspis species.

More fossils were found in January 1993 using an excavator to dig down to the fossil layer. Many fish were preserved in detail. Specimens can be seen in the Age of Fishes Museum. This was built with support and funding from the Australian Museum. The Canowindra site has now been listed as part of Australia's National Heritage because of its international scientific importance.[4][5][6]

References[change | change source]

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Canowindra (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 13 October 2018. Edit this at WikidataCC BY icon.svg Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
  2. "Canowindra". Orange town and around website. 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-02-07. Retrieved 2007-01-19.
  3. Other Remigolepis species have been found in Devonian rocks in China, Greenland and Russia.
  4. "The Canowindra Story - The Australian Museum and The Age of Fishes". Australian Museum. 2002. Retrieved 2007-01-19.
  5. "The Great Devonian Fish Fossils". Archived from the original on 2015-07-15. Retrieved 2007-01-19.
  6. "A Unique Discovery". Archived from the original on 2006-08-20. Retrieved 2007-01-19.