Capital of Korea

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This article is about the Korean national capital in general. For the current capital, see Seoul or Pyongyang.

The Capital of Korea has been in many locations during the history of the Korean peninsula. Today there are two Koreas, each with its own capital city:

Since the end of World War II, there have been two countries or divided Korea:[2] If reunification were to take place someday, alternate prospects for the capital city, along with Seoul and Pyŏngyang,are Sejong City in South Korea and Kaesong in North Korea.[3]

History[change | change source]

During the Gojoseon period

The Go-Joseon period lasted from 2333 BC to 108 BC.[4]

  • Unknown — first capital
  • Pyongyang — second capital (post 400 BC)
During the Three Kingdoms period

The Three Kingdoms period lasted from 57 BC to AD 676[4]

During the North-South States Period
During the Later Three Kingdoms period
During the Goryeo Dynasty period

The Goryeo Dynasty lasted from 918 to 1392.[4]

During the Joseon Dynasty period

The Joseon Dynasty lasted from 1392 to 1910.[4]

During the Japanese colonial period

The Japanese colonial period lasted from 1910 to 1945.[4]

Modern capitals[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Seoul Metropolitan Government, "A Brief Introduction of Seoul"; retrieved 2011-11-24.
  2. Maps of the World, "Capital of Korea"; retrieved 2011-11-24.
  3. Richardson, Harry W. and Chang-Hee Christine Bae, "Options for the Capital of a Reunified Korea," SAIS Review, Vol. 29, No 1, Winter-Spring 2009, pp. 67-77; retrieved 2011-11-24.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Consulate General of the Republic of Korea, Toronto, "A Chronological Outline"; retrieved 2011-11-24.
  5. Sin Ki-sop. (2004). Korea Annual, p. 18; Madrolle, Claudius. (1912). Northern China, the Valley of the Blue River, p. 422.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Korea Tourism Organization, "Gyeongju, Capital of the Silla Kingdom for a Thousand Years"; retrieved 2011-11-24.
  7. Archeological Tours, "An Archaeological Study Tour, South Korea,"; retrieved 2011-11-24.