Coefficient of friction

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A coefficient of friction is a value that shows the relationship between the force of friction between two objects and the normal reaction between the objects that are involved. It is a value that is sometimes used in physics to find an object's normal force or frictional force when other methods are unavailable.

The coefficient of friction is shown by . In that equation, is the frictional force, is the coefficient of friction, and is the normal force.

The coefficient can be two different things. It is either the coefficient of static friction , or the coefficient of kinetic friction .The coefficient of static friction is the friction force between two objects when neither of the objects is moving. The coefficient of kinetic friction is the force between two objects when one object is moving, or if two objects are moving against one another.

The coefficient of friction is dimensionless and it does not have any unit. It is a scalar, meaning the direction of the force does not affect the physical quantity.

The coefficient of friction depends on the objects that are causing friction. The value is usually between 0 and 1 but can be greater than 1. A value of 0 means there is no friction at all between the objects. This is only theoretically possible. All objects in the real world will have some friction when they touch each other. A value of 1 means the frictional force is equal to the normal force. Some people think that the coefficient of friction can never be more than 1, but this is not true. A coefficient of friction that is more than one just means that friction is stronger than the normal force. An object such as silicone rubber, for example, can have a coefficient of friction much greater than one.

The friction force is the force exerted by a surface when an object moves across it - or makes an effort to move across it.

The frictional force or force of friction can be expressed as



is the frictional force (in Newtons),

is the static () or kinetic () frictional coefficient (dimensionless) and

is the normal force (in Newtons).

it could also be known as a friction.

Coefficients of some common objects can be found

Sources[change | change source]

  • To find the equivalent article in En wiki, go for [1] and look under "Dry friction".