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Colchester town center.jpg
Colchester Town Centre
Population 104,390 (2001 census)
OS grid reference TL997254
Shire county
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district CO1 – CO7
Dialling code 01206
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
Colchester Castle

Colchester is a town in the northern part of the English county of Essex. It has a population of 104,000 people. People believe that Colchester is the oldest Roman town in England.

History[change | change source]

Before Roman times, Colchester was Camulodunon. This is a Celtic name that came from Camulos. Camulos was the Celtic god of war. The Romans called Colchester Camulodunum (written "CAMVLODVNVM") and made it the capital of Roman Britain. Colchester was attacked and burnt by Boudicca in 61 AD.

The church at the Benedictine abbey of Saint John the Baptist was destroyed in 1539. This was when King Henry VIII took the property of the Roman Catholic institutions in England. The only part left is a gate that people still go to visit.

King Cunobelinus (or "Cunobelin") was from Colchester.

Twin cities[change | change source]

Colchester is twinned with the following cities:

The Roman wall of Camelodunum, still standing in modern Colchester