Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

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Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease
Classification and external resources

Tonsil biopsy in variant CJD. Prion protein immunostaining.
ICD-10 A81.0, F02.1
ICD-9 046.1
OMIM 123400
DiseasesDB 3166
MedlinePlus 000788
eMedicine neuro/725
MeSH D007562

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (/ˈkrɔɪtsfɛlt ˈjɑːkb/ KROITS-felt YAH-kohb)[1] or CJD is an incurable disease of the human brain. It is caused by special proteins called prions, and it always leads to death.[2] There are different versions of the disease. Some have genetic origins, others have been acquired by coming into contact with infected tissue. There is about one case per year, per million inhabitants.

German neurologist Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt first described the disease in 1920. Shortly after Creutzfeldt, Alfons Maria Jakob also described the disease, so that it is called Creutzfeldt–Jakob today.

An early description of familial CJD stems from the German psychiatrist and neurologist Friedrich Meggendorfer (1880–1953).[3][4]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary
  2. "CJD (Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, Classic)". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2008-02-26. http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvrd/cjd/index.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
  3. Meggendorfer F. Klinische und genealogische Beobachtungen bei einem Fall von spastischer Pseudokosklerose Jakobs. Z Neurol Psychiatry 1930; 128: 337–41
  4. Gambetti P, Kong Q, Zou W, Parchi P, Chen SG. Sporadic and familial CJD: classification and characterisation. Br Med Bull. 2003;66:213-39. PMID 14522861

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