Curzon family

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

House of Curzon, which dates back to the 1200s, is one of the most acknowledged English aristocratic families.[1] Its family members have held almost 14 hereditary titles, including Earl Howe,[2] Marquess Curzon of Kedleston,[3] Earl Curzon of Kedleston,[4] Viscount Scarsdale,[4][5][6] Viscount Curzon,[7] Viscounts Howe,[8] Baron Scarsdale,[9] Curzon of Kedleston,[10][11][11] Baron Ravensdale,[4] Baron Howe,[12] Manor of Curzon,[13][14] Baron Curzon,[15] Baronet Kedleston Hall[16] and Baronet Mosley.[17]

History[change | change source]

In the year 1759, when Nathaniel Curzon did the house's commissioning and then by Robert Adam's designation.[9] The first son of the 4th Baron Scarsdale, known as George Nathaniel Curzon, was also the first Marquess Curzon of Kedleston.[18] Kedleston was the second Baroness Ravensdale from 1896-1966, while Sir Nicholas Mosley was the 3rd Baron Ravensdale his mother was Cynthia Blanche Mosley (1898-1933), a daughter of George Curzon.[19] The first Earl Howe was known as Curzon-Howe Richard William (1796–1870),[2] the second was Curzon-Howe George Frederick (1821–76),[20] and the third was Earl Howe as Curzon-Howe Richard William (1822–1900). Curzon Richard George (1861–1929), Curzon Francis Penn (1884–1964), Curzon Richard Assheton (1908–84), and Curzon Frederick Richard (b. 1951) were the fourth to seventh, respectively.[7][21][22][17][23]

The Kedleston Hall is one of the estates owned by the Curzon family, and it's located in the northwest of Derby, more precisely Derbyshire's Kedleston, which is six kilometers away. Its main function is to cat as the Curzon’s family seat.[24] Even after Richard Curzon met his death, the Kedleston Hall maintained its expensive status hence compelling Francis Curzon, his cousin, to settle death dues by submitting the estate to the state.[25]

Today[change | change source]

Several facilities have been named after the Curzon family, such as Curzon Street, of which most residents believe that it was named after Mr. George Howe, who was the 3rd Viscount Howe. However, the street was transferred to another member of the Curzon family, who had maintained the surname "Curzon".[26] Another street in North West expanse London is named Curzon Avenue, and it's located in the Northwich, Weaver Vale constituency.[27] A soccer club called Curzon Ashton F.C. is located in the Ashton-under-Lyne, whose history can be traced back to the Curzon's family since several family members participated in the club's activities. Three other parks bear the Curzon family's name, namely; Curzon Park (in Chester), Curzon Park Abbey (a monastery of nuns)[28] and Roker Curzon Park (Sunderland).[29]

In honor of his cousin John Barnewall Curzon, Henry Francis Roper, who originated from the House of Roper, decided to join houses in the year 1788. To date, some of his descendants still use the name Roper-Curzon, and some of the famous members of the Curzon’s family include Harry Roper-Curzon, John Roper-Curzon, and David Roper-Curzon.[30]

Family Motto[change | change source]

Their family motto states, "Let Curzon hold what Curzon held," and it acted as the coat of arms' alternative.[31]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Curzon History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms". Retrieved August 27, 2020.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Manuscripts and Special Collections". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  3. David Gilmour, "Curzon, George Nathaniel, Marquess Curzon of Kedleston (1859–1925)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2011 accessed 24 August 2020 doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/32680
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "House of Curzon". European Heraldry. Archived from the original on 11 October 2020. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  5. Hall, S. C. 1800-1889. (2016). Stately homes of england. Place of publication not identified: Nabu Press.
  6. "Scarsdale, Viscount (UK, 1911)". Cracroft's Peerage. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Rt Hon Richard William Penn Curzon-Howe, 3rd Earl Howe and Viscount Curzon of Gopsall,..." Discovery National Archives. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  8. "No. 12290". The London Gazette. 27 April 1782. p. 1.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Explore Kedleston Hall - from Rome to India". National Trust. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  10. 'Alumni Oxonienses, 1500-1714: Covert-Cutts', Alumni Oxonienses 1500-1714 (1891), pp. 338-365. Date accessed: 24 August 2020
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Lord Curzon".
  12. "No. 13009". The London Gazette. 22 July 1788. p. 349.
  13. Collins, Arthur; Brydges, Sir Egerton (February 16, 1812). "Peerage of England: genealogical, biographical, and historical. Greatly augmented and continued to the present time". F.C. and J. Rivington [and others] – via Google Books.
  14. "Covert-Cutts | British History Online".
  15. "No. 13692". The London Gazette. 9 August 1794. p. 818.
  16. "CURZON, Nathaniel (?1676-1758), of Kedleston, Derbys". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  17. 17.0 17.1 Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage. Vol. 2 (107th ed.). Wilmington, Delaware: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd. p. 1987. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  18. "Who was George Nathaniel Curzon?". National Trust. Archived from the original on 25 June 2020. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  19. "Sir Nicholas Mosley Lord Ravensdale Sir Nicholas Mosley 3rd Baron Ravensdale 7th Baronet Of Ancoats Mc (born 25 June 1923) Is A British Novelist. He Is The Eldest Son Of Sir Oswald Mosley 6th Baronet". Shutter Stock. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  20. "Peerages: "h" (part 5)". Leigh Rayment's peerage pages. Archived from the original on 2012-09-07. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
  21. "Richard George Penn Curzon, 4th Earl Howe". The Peerage. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  22. Francis Curzon, 5th Earl Howe; Ex-Member of Parliament and Racing Driver Dies. New York Times (Monday, 27 July 1964), p.30
  23. "Person Page - 5005". The Peerage. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  24. Montague-Smith, P. W. (2015). “Debretts peerage, baronetage, knightage, and companionage: with Her Majestys Royal Warrant Holders.” Kingston upon Thames, Surrey: KellysDirectories Ltd.
  25. Walsh, Aly (11 October 2016). "Aristocrat who lives at huge Kedleston Hall jailed after driving while banned for the third time in 13 months". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  26. History of Mayfair
  27. "Curzon Ave". Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  28. Welcome To Curzon Park Abbey
  29. A History of the County of Chester: Volume 5 part 1: The City of Chester: General History and Topography
  30. Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage. Vol. 3 (107th ed.). Wilmington, Delaware: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  31. Choudhuri, Nivedita. "Lord Curzon's family seat, Kedleston Hall, was the inspiration for West Bengal's Raj Bhavan". The Economic Times. Retrieved 24 August 2020.