|Education||School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston|
Washington and Lee University
Art Students League of New York
Black Mountain College
|Known for||Painting, sculpture, calligraphy|
Twombly was known for his large-scale, freely scribbled, calligraphic-style graffiti paintings, on solid fields of mostly gray, tan, or off-white colors. He exhibited his paintings worldwide. Twombly's paintings blur the line between drawing and painting. Many of his best-known paintings of the late 1960s are reminiscent of a school blackboard on which someone has practiced cursive "e"s. Twombly had at this point discarded painting figurative, representational subject-matter, citing the line or smudge – each mark with its own history – as its proper subject.
Later, many of his paintings and works on paper moved into "romantic symbolism", and their titles can be interpreted visually through shapes and forms and words. Twombly often quoted the poet Stéphane Mallarmé, as well as many classical myths and allegories in his works. Examples of this are his Apollo and The Artist and a series of eight drawings consisting solely of inscriptions of the word "VIRGIL". In a 1994 retrospective, curator Kirk Varnedoe described Twombly's work as “influential among artists, discomfiting to many critics and truculently difficult not just for a broad public, but for sophisticated initiates of postwar art as well". After acquiring Twombly's Three Studies from the Temeraire (1998–99), the Director of the Art Gallery of New South Wales said "sometimes people need a little bit of help in recognising a great work of art that might be a bit unfamiliar". He is said to have influenced younger artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Francesco Clemente, and Julian Schnabel.
References[change | change source]
- Cash, Stephanie. "Cy Twombly, Legendary Scribbler, Dead Age 83". Art in America. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
- Masters, Christopher (July 6, 2011). ""Cy" (Cyclone) Twombly, obituary". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved July 6, 2011.)
- Kennedy, Randy (July 5, 2011). "Cy Twombly, Idiosyncratic Painter, Dies at 83". New York Times. Retrieved July 6, 2011.
- Morgan, Joyce (2011-07-07). "With his feet on classical ground". The Sydney Morning Herald. p. 14. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- Matt Schudel (July 6, 2011), Cy Twombly, influential Va.-born abstract artist, dies at 83 Washington Post.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Cy Twombly: Comprehensive collection of more than 200 images of artist's works with biography, articles and exhibition information.
- From VOGUE to NEST: 032c activates the secret history of CY TWOMBLY by HORST P. HORST in 032, Issue #19, Summer 2010.
- NY Times ArtsBeat, Cy Twombly, Idiosyncratic Painter dies at 83