Cyclobutane

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Cyclobutane
Cyclobutane
Cyclobutane
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Cyclobutane
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
Beilstein Reference 1900183
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.005.468
EC Number
  • 206-014-5
Gmelin Reference 81684
UNII
UN number 2601
  • C1CCC1
Properties
C4H8
Molar mass 56.107 g/mol
Appearance Colorless gas
Density 0.720 g/cm3
Melting point −91 °C (−132 °F; 182 K)
Boiling point 12.5 °C (54.5 °F; 285.6 K)
Hazards
NFPA 704

NFPA 704.svg

4
1
0
 
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Cyclobutane is a cycloalkane organic compound with the formula (CH2)4. It, as a gas, has no color. Cyclobutane is usually sold as a liquefied gas (a gas that has been turned into a liquid). Versions of cyclobutane are called cyclobutanes. Cyclobutane has no use in commercial or biological ways,[1] but compounds taken from cyclobutane are much more important in biology and biotechnology.

Structure[change | change source]

The carbon atoms within cyclobutane are at odd angles. So, cyclobutane is not held together as well and will fall apart over 500 degrees celsius.

Cyclobutanes in biology and biotechnology[change | change source]

Cyclobutane is commonly found in nature, connected to itself, like in pentacycloanammoxic acid. This compound is a ladderane made up of 5 connected cyclobutane units.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Cyclobutane - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics". www.sciencedirect.com. Retrieved 2022-03-29.