Cyclopia (also called cyclocephaly or synophthalmia) is a birth defect. Cyclopia is characterized by a failure of the prosencephalon to separate the two orbits (eyes). This leads to the formation of a central deformed eye and an absence of a nasal cavity. It causes can be either genetic, or as a result of an exposure to poisons. The term "cyclopia" comes from Cyclops, a giant one-eyed creature the Greek Greek mythology.
References[change | change source]
- "Case of True Cyclopia". pp. 307–311. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
- Rufas O. Howard. "Chromosomal Abnormalities Assosiated with Cyclopia and Synophthalmia" (PDF). p. 1. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
- Developmental biology: from a cell to an organism. Infobase Publishing. 2009. p. 107.