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A child with Cyclopia

Cyclopia (also called cyclocephaly or synophthalmia) is a birth defect. Cyclopia is characterized by a failure of the prosencephalon to separate the two orbits (eyes). This leads to the formation of a central deformed eye and an absence of a nasal cavity.[1] It causes can be either genetic, or as a result of an exposure to poisons.[2] The term "cyclopia" comes from Cyclops, a giant one-eyed creature the Greek Greek mythology.[3]

Babies with Cyclopia rarely live longer than one day.

References[change | change source]

  1. Garzozi, H. J.; Barkay, S. (1985). "Case of True Cyclopia". The British Journal of Ophthalmology. 69 (4): 307–311. doi:10.1136/bjo.69.4.307. PMC 1040589. PMID 3922398.
  2. Rufas O. Howard (1977). "Chromosomal Abnormalities Assosiated with Cyclopia and Synophthalmia". Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society. 75: 505–538. PMC 1311562. PMID 418547.
  3. Developmental biology: from a cell to an organism. Infobase Publishing. 2009. p. 107. ISBN 9781438126302.