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A child with Cyclopia

Cyclopia (also called cyclocephaly or synophthalmia) is a birth defect. Cyclopia is characterized by a failure of the prosencephalon to separate the two orbits (eyes). This leads to the formation of a central deformed eye and an absence of a nasal cavity.[1] It causes can be either genetic, or as a result of an exposure to poisons.[2] The term "cyclopia" comes from Cyclops, a giant one-eyed creature the Greek Greek mythology.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Case of True Cyclopia". pp. 307–311. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  2. Rufas O. Howard. "Chromosomal Abnormalities Assosiated with Cyclopia and Synophthalmia" (PDF). p. 1. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  3. Developmental biology: from a cell to an organism. Infobase Publishing. 2009. p. 107.