Cyclopia

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A child with Cyclopia

Cyclopia (also called cyclocephaly or synophthalmia) is a birth defect. Cyclopia is characterized by a failure of the prosencephalon to separate the two orbits (eyes). This leads to the formation of a central deformed eye and an absence of a nasal cavity.[1] It causes can be either genetic, or as a result of an exposure to poisons.[2] The term "cyclopia" comes from Cyclops, a giant one-eyed creature the Greek Greek mythology.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Case of True Cyclopia". pp. 307–311. Retrieved January 1, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. Rufas O. Howard. "Chromosomal Abnormalities Assosiated with Cyclopia and Synophthalmia" (PDF). p. 1. Retrieved January 1, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. Developmental biology: from a cell to an organism. Infobase Publishing. 2009. p. 107.