It is someone living a Sufi Muslim ascetic way or "Tariqah". They are poor, and live simply. In this respect, dervishes are most similar to mendicant friars in Christianity, or Hindu/Buddhist/Jain sadhus.
Whirling dervishes[change | change source]
The whirling dance that is associated with dervishes is best known in the West by the performances of the Mevlevi order in Turkey. It is part of a ceremony known as the Sema. It is also done by other orders. The Sema is only one of many Sufi ceremonies performed to try to reach religious ecstasy (majdhb, fana).
References[change | change source]
- "Darvesh - Dictionary of Islam". Answering-islam.org. Retrieved 2012-02-19. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- from Persian درویش, Darvīsh "Dervish - definition and more from the FreeMerriam - Webster Dictionary". M-w.com. Retrieved 2012-02-19. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) via Turkish
- "Online Etymology Dictionary". Etymonline.com. Retrieved 2012-02-19. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Somali: Daraawiish, Arabic: درويش, Darwīš.
- Mendicant friars depend on charity
- Afroukhteh, Youness (2003) . Memories of nine years in 'Akká. Oxford: George Ronald. ISBN 0-85398-477-8. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Koentges, Chris. "13 things the whirling dervishes can teach you about spinning until you're dizzy enough to puke". The Very Ethnic Project.
- B. Ghafurov, "Todjikon", 2 vols., Dushanbe 1983-5
- Rumi Britannica.com