Eastern red bat

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Eastern red bat
The image depicts an eastern red bat, recently captured by a researcher
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Genus: Lasiurus
Species:
L. borealis
Binomial name
Lasiurus borealis
Müller, 1776
Lasiurus borealis map.svg
Synonyms
  • Vespertilio borealis Müller, 1776
  • Vespertilio noveboracensis Erxleben, 1777
  • Vespertilio lasiurus Schreber, 1781
  • Vespertilio rubellus Palisot de Beauvois, 1796
  • Vespertilio rubra Ord, 1815
  • Vespertilio tesselatus Rafinesque, 1818
  • Vespertilio monachus Rafinesque, 1818
  • Vespertilio rufus Warden, 1820
  • Lasiurus funebris Fitzinger, 1870
  • Myotis quebecensis Yourans, 1930

The eastern red bat (Lasiurus borealis) is a type of microbat in the family Vespertilionidae. Eastern red bats are found across eastern North America. It has also been seen in Bermuda.

Description[change | change source]

The color of the fur of males is brick or rusty red. The color of the fur of females is a bit more frosted shade of red.[2] It weighs 7–13 g (0.25–0.46 oz). It is 109 mm (4.3 in) long. Its ears are short and rounded. Its wings are long and pointed. Its tail is 52.7 mm (2.07 in) long.[3]

Distribution[change | change source]

The eastern red bat is found throughout eastern North America and Bermuda.[4] It is found east of the Continental Divide, including southern Canada and northeastern Mexico. In the winter, it is found in the southeastern United States and northeastern Mexico, and mainly lives in coastal areas. In the spring and summer, it can be found in the Great Lakes region and the Great Plains region.[5]

Feeding[change | change source]

Eastern red bats are insectivorous. They mainly eat moths. But, they also eat other insects. They eat many pests, like gypsy moths, tent caterpillar moths, Cydia moths, Acrobasis moths, cutworm moths, and coneworm moths.[6]

Reproduction[change | change source]

Eastern red bat breeding season starts in the autumn.[7] Many males can mate with one female.[8] Pups are born in the summer.[7] Eastern red bats usually give birth to three pups.[9] Eastern red bat pups learn to fly when they are a month old. After learning how to fly they are weaned.[7] Even after the pups have learned how to fly, they stay with their mother for a short time before staying by themselves.[8]

References[change | change source]

  1. Arroyo-Cabrales, J.; Miller, B.; Reid, F.; Cuarón, A.D.; de Grammont, P.C. (2016). "Lasiurus borealis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T11347A22121017. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T11347A22121017.en.
  2. Whitaker, John O. (1998). Mammals of the Eastern United States. Hamilton, William J. (William John), Jr., 1902-1990. (3rd ed ed.). Ithaca: Comstock Pub. Associates. ISBN 0-8014-3475-0. OCLC 38438640. |edition= has extra text (help)
  3. Shump, Karl A.; Shump, Ann U. (1982-06-18). "Lasiurus borealis". Mammalian Species (183): 1. doi:10.2307/3503843.
  4. Mammal species of the world : a taxonomic and geographic reference. Wilson, Don E., Reeder, DeeAnn M. (3rd ed ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 2005. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4. OCLC 57557352. |edition= has extra text (help)CS1 maint: others (link)
  5. Cryan, Paul M. (2003). <0579:sdomtb>2.0.co;2 "SEASONAL DISTRIBUTION OF MIGRATORY TREE BATS (LASIURUS AND LASIONYCTERIS) IN NORTH AMERICA". Journal of Mammalogy. 84 (2): 579–593. doi:10.1644/1545-1542(2003)084<0579:sdomtb>2.0.co;2. ISSN 0022-2372.
  6. Clare, Elizabeth L.; Fraser, Erin E.; Braid, Heather E.; Fenton, M. Brock; Hebert, Paul D. N. (2009). "Species on the menu of a generalist predator, the eastern red bat ( Lasiurus borealis ): using a molecular approach to detect arthropod prey". Molecular Ecology. 18 (11): 2532–2542. doi:10.1111/j.1365-294X.2009.04184.x.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Eastern Red Bat (Lasiurus borealis)". tpwd.texas.gov. Retrieved 2020-10-26.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Schmidly, David J., 1943-. The mammals of Texas. Bradley, Robert Dean, 1960- (Seventh edition (second University of Texas Press edition) ed.). Austin. ISBN 978-1-4773-0886-8. OCLC 919068314.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. Kurta, Allen, 1952-. Mammals of the Great Lakes region (Third edition ed.). Ann Arbor. ISBN 978-0-472-07345-0. OCLC 966436392. |edition= has extra text (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)