Edward Gierek

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Edward Gierek
4th First Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party
In office
20 December 1970 – 5 September 1980
Preceded byWładysław Gomułka
Succeeded byStanisław Kania
Personal details
Born(1913-01-06)6 January 1913
Porąbka, Piotrków Governorate, Congress Poland (the Russian Empire)
Died29 July 2001(2001-07-29) (aged 88)
Cieszyn, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland
Political partyPolish United Workers' Party
Spouse(s)Stanisława née Jędrusik (1918–2007)

Edward Gierek (Polish pronunciation: [ˈɛdvart ˈɡʲɛrɛk]; 6 January 1913 – 29 July 2001)[1] was a Polish communist politician.

Gierek is known for opening communist Poland to Western influence. He made economic changes. For a time these changes helped Poland's economy stabilize. He modernized industry and increased access to products. Later the 1973 oil crisis made prices increase. Poland had many foreign debts. There were several revolts because of the economy. The Polish people were unhappy with Gierek and he was removed from power.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Edward Gierek". The Independent. 11 April 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  2. McFadden, Robert (30 July 2001). "Edward Gierek Dies at 88; Polish Communist Reformer". Retrieved 19 September 2016.