|4th First Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party|
20 December 1970 – 5 September 1980
|Preceded by||Władysław Gomułka|
|Succeeded by||Stanisław Kania|
|Born||6 January 1913|
Porąbka, Piotrków Governorate, Congress Poland (the Russian Empire)
|Died||29 July 2001 (aged 88)|
Cieszyn, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland
|Political party||Polish United Workers' Party|
|Spouse(s)||Stanisława née Jędrusik (1918–2007)|
Gierek is known for opening communist Poland to Western influence. He made economic changes. For a time these changes helped Poland's economy stabilize. He modernized industry and increased access to products. Later the 1973 oil crisis made prices increase. Poland had many foreign debts. There were several revolts because of the economy. The Polish people were unhappy with Gierek and he was removed from power.
References[change | change source]
- "Edward Gierek". The Independent. 11 April 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
- McFadden, Robert (30 July 2001). "Edward Gierek Dies at 88; Polish Communist Reformer". Retrieved 19 September 2016.