Edwin H. Land

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Edwin H. Land
Born Edwin Herbert Land
May 7, 1909
Bridgeport, Connecticut
Died March 1, 1991(1991-03-01) (aged 81)
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Nationality American
Other names Dr. Land
Known for Polarizing film[1]
Land instant camera
Spouse(s) Helen Terre Maislen (m. 1929; 2 children)
Awards Presidential Medal of Freedom (1963)
IRI Medal (1965)
Perkin Medal (1974)
Harold Pender Award (1979)
National Medal of Technology
Fellow of the Royal Society[2]
Scientific career
Influenced Steve Jobs

Edwin H. Land (1909 - 1991) was an American physicist and inventor.

In 1932, he discovered a cheap and easy way to polarize light. In 1937 he set up the Polaroid Corporation to make scientific instruments and anti-glare sunglasses. In 1947 he developed the Polaroid camera. It could print photographs without needing film.

References[change | change source]

  1. Land, E. H.; Hunt, W. A. (1936). "The Use of Polarized Light in the Simultaneous Comparison of Retinally and Cortically Fused Colors". Science 83 (2152): 309. doi:10.1126/science.83.2152.309. PMID 17749392. 
  2. Campbell, Fergus William (1994). "Edwin Herbert Land. 7 May 1909-1 March 1991". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 40: 196–219. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1994.0035.