Electoral Palatinate

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County Palatine of the Rhine

Pfalzgrafschaft bei Rhein
1085–1803
Flag of Palatinate
Flag of The Electoral Palatinate (1604).svg
Top: State Flag
Bottom: War Flag from 1604
Coat of arms[1][2] during the reign of the House of Palatinate-Simmern of Palatinate
Coat of arms[1][2]
during the reign of the House of Palatinate-Simmern
Electoral Palatinate within the Holy Roman Empire, 1618
Electoral Palatinate within the Holy Roman Empire, 1618
The Oberämter of the Electoral Palatinate, 1789
The Oberämter of the Electoral Palatinate, 1789
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire
Imperial elector
CapitalHeidelberg
(1085–1690)
Düsseldorf
(1690–1720)
Mannheim
(1720–1803)
Common languagesGerman
Religion
Dominant confession among the population was Roman Catholic (1085–1556), Lutheran (1556–1563) and Calvinist (1563–1803).

Elector was Roman Catholic until the 1530s, then Lutheran until 1559, then Calvinist until 1575, then again Lutheran until 1583, then again Calvinist until 1685, and then again Roman Catholic since 1685.
GovernmentFeudal monarchy
Elector 
• 1085–1095
Henry of Laach (first)
• 1799–1803
Maximilian II (last)
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Demotion of the Count
    Palatine of Lotharingia
1085
10 January 1356
15 May – 24 October 1648
30 December 1777
9 February 1801
• Annexed by Baden
27 April 1803
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Rhenish Franconia
Margraviate of the Nordgau
Arms of Pfalz-Neuburg (1609-1685).svg Palatinate-Sulzbach
Palatinate-Neuburg
Electorate of Baden
First French Empire
Kingdom of Bavaria
Today part of Germany
 France

Electoral Palatinate (German: Kurpfalz, Bavarian: Kurpfoiz) was a palatinate in the Holy Roman Empire. It lasted from 1085–1803.

References[change | change source]

  1. Based on many original preserved depictions:
  2. Hirschberg-Journal.de