Ellipsis

An ellipsis

An ellipsis is a type of punctuation mark. In writing, it is a row of three points (...). Its name comes from the ancient Greek word ἔλλειψις (omission/falling short). Notice that the three dots are not spaced as full points: they are a separate special typographic sign.

Depending on context and place in a sentence, ellipses can indicate an unfinished thought, a leading statement, a slight pause, a mysterious or echoing voice, or a nervous or awkward silence. An ellipsis can be used to trail off into silence—for example: But I thought he was...

• So much more could be said...

When text is quoted from a book or a newspaper, it stands for words that have been cut out to save space in a page. For example:

• "...one day all Americans will live peacefully throughout the world...they will be at peace with all other world inhabitants..."

When speaking, it can be referred to as "dot-dot-dot".

In mathematics, different symbols for ellipsis are used to a similar effect. These include the hortizontal ellipsis symbols ${\displaystyle \ldots }$ and ${\displaystyle \cdots }$, along with vertical ellipsis symbols such as ${\displaystyle \vdots }$ and ${\displaystyle \ddots }$ .[1][2]

References

1. "Compendium of Mathematical Symbols". Math Vault. 2020-03-01. Retrieved 2020-09-22.
2. "Dots (LaTeX2e unofficial reference manual (July 2018))". joshua.smcvt.edu. Retrieved 2020-09-22.
• Bringhurst, Robert 2002. The elements of typographic style (version 2.5), pp 82–83. Vancouver: Hartley & Marks Publishers. ISBN 0-88179-133-4
• Morris, William 1980. The Houghton Mifflin Canadian dictionary of the English language, page 424. Markham, Ontario: Houghton Mifflin Canada. ISBN 0-395-29654-4