Enver Pasha

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İsmail Enver

İsmail Enver (Ottoman Turkish: اسماعيل انور) (November 22, 1881 ; in Istanbul - August 4, 1922 ; Tajikistan,later USSR), he was known to European powers as Enver Pasha (Turkish: Enver Paşa) or Enver Bey. As an Ottoman military officer he was a member of the Committee of Union and Progress and a leader of the Young Turk Revolution. He was given the nickname "The Hero of Liberty" (Hürriyet Kahramanı). He was the main leader of the Ottoman Empire in both Balkan Wars and World War I. He also helped Lenin in the 1917 Russian Revolution . He was also responsible for the Armenian genocide from 1915-1917 . He died in August 1922 in the Russian Civil War and was killed by machine gun fire from an Armenian soldier in Tajikistan in a unknown location before the USSR was created on 30 December 1922 .

As minister of War from 1914 to 1918 he was defeated in battle against Russia.

Marriage and issue[change | change source]

By his marriage toEmine Naciye Sultanv, a granddaughter of sultan Enver had:

  • HH Princess Dr. Mahpeyker Enver Hanımsultan (1917–2000), married and divorced, Dr. Fikret Ürgüp (1918–?), and had issue, one son:
    • Hasan Ürgüp, (b.1948 -d.1989)unmarried and without issue
  • HH Princess Turkan Enver Hanımsultan (1919–1989), married HE Huvayda Mayatepek, Turkish Ambassador to Denmark, and had issue, one son:
    • Osman Mayatepek (b. 1950), married Neshe Firtina and had one daughter
      • Mihrishah Türkan Mayatepek (b.1992)
  • HH Prince Sultanzade Captain Ali Enver Beyefendi (1921 – Australia, December 1971), married and had issue, one daughter:
    • Arzu Enver (b. 1955), married Aslan Sadıkoğlu and had Issue
      • Burak Sadıkoğlu

His widow remarried his brother Mehmed Kamil Killigil (1900–1962) in 1923, and had one daughter:

  • HH Princess Rana Killigil Hanımsultan (1926; Paris – 14 April 2008; Istanbul), married Osman Sadi Eldem and had three children:
    • Ceyda Eldem (b. 1952)
    • Necla Eldem (b. 1954 - d. 1964)
    • Edhem Eldem (b. 1960) married Zeynep Sedef Torunoğlu and had issue, one son:
      • Simin Eldem (b.1987)

Other websites[change | change source]