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Temporal range: Aptian–Recent
Ephedra viridis
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Division: Gnetophyta
Class: Gnetopsida
Order: Ephedrales
Family: Ephedraceae
Genus: Ephedra
Type species
Ephedra distachya
Map showing the range of Ephedra
Global range of Ephedra
  • Alloephedra Tao JR et Yang Y., 2003.
  • Chaetocladus Nelson 1866 nom. illeg.
  • Liaoxia Cao et S.Q. Wu, 1996

Ephedra is a group of plants. It is the only one in its family, Ephedraceae. Ephedra species are found naturally in many places, like southwestern North America, southern Europe, northern Africa, southwest and central Asia, northern China and western South America.[2]

Ephedra species often grow in the temperate zone. They often grow on shores or sandy places where they get a lot of sunlight. In English, they are often called joint-pine, jointfir, Mormon-tea. In Chinese, it is called mahuang (simplified Chinese: 麻黄; traditional Chinese: 麻黃; pinyin: máhuáng; Wade–Giles: ma-huang; literally: "hemp yellow").[3]

Some species, like Ephedra sinica, are used in medicine.[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. Kramer KU, Green PS, Götz E (1990). Kramer KU, Green PS (eds.). The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, Vol. 1: Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp. 379–381. ISBN 3540517944.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. "Ephedra". Cambridge University Botanic Garden. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  4. "Ephedra Sinica". AACC.org. Retrieved 27 May 2018.