Erikson's stages of psychosocial development
Erikson's stages of psychosocial development is the name of a theory of pyschology: Eric Ericson and his wife Joan Erickson coined the term. They found that during their lives, most people pass through eight stages of development.
Stages[change | change source]
Under 2 years
|Hope||Trust vs. Mistrust||Mother||Can I trust the world?||Feeding, abandonment|
|Will||Autonomy vs. Shame/Doubt||Parents||Is it okay to be me?||Toilet training, clothing themselves|
5–8 years 
|Purpose||Initiative vs. Guilt||Family||Is it okay for me to do, move, and act?||Exploring, using tools or making art|
9–12 years 
|Competence||Industry vs. Inferiority||Neighbors, School||Can I make it in the world of people and things?||School, sports|
13–19 years 
|Fidelity||Identity vs. Role Confusion||Peers, Role Model||Who am I? Who can I be?||Social relationships|
20–39 years 
|Love||Intimacy vs. Isolation||Friends, Partners||Can I love?||Romantic relationships|
40–59 years 
|Care||Generativity vs. Stagnation||Household, Workmates||Can I make my life count?||Work, parenthood|
60 and above 
|Wisdom||Ego Integrity vs. Despair||Mankind, My kind||Is it okay to have been me?||Reflection on life|
References[change | change source]
- "Erikson Tutorial Home Page". web.cortland.edu.
- Macnow, Alexander Stone, ed. (2014). MCAT Behavioral Science Review. New York City: Kaplan Publishing. p. 220. ISBN 978-1-61865-485-4.
- Human development: a psychological, biological, and sociological approach to the life span: "III 5–8 (Play Age) Initiative vs. Guilt Family Purpose".
- Human development: a psychological, biological, and sociological approach to the life span: "IV 9–12 (School Age) Industry vs. Inferiority Neighborhood, School Competence ".
- Human development: a psychological, biological, and sociological approach to the life span: "V 13–19 (Adolescence) Identity vs. Identity Confusion Peer Groups Leadership Models Fidelity".
- Intergenerational Programs: Imperatives, Strategies, Impacts, Trends: "First, he considers young adulthood (age 20–39) which he describes as the struggle of "intamacy vs isolation."".
- Intergenerational Programs: Imperatives, Strategies, Impacts, Trends: "In Middle adulthood (age 40–59), the conflict of "generativity vs stagnation" arises".
- Intergenerational Programs: Imperatives, Strategies, Impacts, Trends: "Finally, Erikson takes us to the eighth stage of adulthood known as "later adulthood" (over 60) where development focuses on the integration of life's experiences, on embracing these experiences as inevitable aspects of oneself, and on accepting an orderliness in life and death".