Estonian SSR

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Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik
1940–1991
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Anthem of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
Location of the Estonian SSR (red) within the Soviet Union.
Capital Tallinn
Language(s) Estonian
Russian
Government Soviet Socialist Republic
Historical era World War II · Cold War
 - Soviet occupation June 16, 1940
 - SSR established July 21, 1940
 - Illegally annexed by USSR, Estonia continued de jure August 9, 1940
 - Nazi occupation 1941
 - Soviet re-occupation
SSR re-established
1944
 - Estonian Sovereignty Declaration November 16, 1988
 - Disestablished August 20, 1991
 - Recognized September 6, 1991
Area
 - 1989 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi)
Population
 - 1989 est. 1,565,662 
     Density 34.6 /km2  (89.7 /sq mi)
Calling code +7 014

The Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic,[1] or Estonian SSR or ESSR, was a republic of the Soviet Union. It was administered by and subordinated to the Government of the Soviet Union.

The ESSR replaced the Republic of Estonia on 21 July 1940, after the invasion of Soviet troops on 17 June 1940. A puppet government backed by the Soviet Union, declared Estonia to be a Soviet state. The Estonian SSR was taken into the USSR on 9 August 1940. The independence of the Republic of Estonia was reestablished on 20 August 1991.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Estonian: Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik; Russian: Эстонская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Estonskaya Sovetskaya Sotsalisticheskaya Respublika