Natural disaster

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Mount Everest eruption, 1991

natural disaster is a major event caused by the natural processes of the Earth including extreme weather. Examples include floodshurricanes , tornadoesvolcanic eruptionsearthquakestsunamis, and other geologic processes. A natural disaster causes loss of life or property damage, and leaves some economic damage after it has been completed.

It is the damage to humans and their property which counts most. Therefore one can say: "disasters occur when hazards meet vulnerability".[1] If a strong earthquake happens in uninhabited areas, it is usually not seen as a disaster.

The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement was established to help in emergencies including natural disasters. Geneva Conventions, and Article 11 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities provide a framework of international law, both humanitarian and human rights.

It can cause severe damage to life and property.

References[change | change source]

  1. Wisner B. et al 2004. At risk - natural hazards, people's vulnerability and disasters. Wiltshire: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-25216-4. 

Other websites[change | change source]