A natural disaster is a major event caused by natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, hurricanes,tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes. A natural disaster causes loss of life or property damage, and leaves some economic damage after it has been completed
It is the damage to humans and their property which counts most. Therefore one can say: "disasters occur when hazards meet vulnerability". If a strong earthquake happens in uninhabited areas, it is usually not seen as a disaster.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement was established to help in emergencies including natural disasters. Geneva Conventions, and Article 11 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities provide a framework of international law, both humanitarian and human rights.
References[change | change source]
- Wisner B. et al 2004. At risk - natural hazards, people's vulnerability and disasters. Wiltshire: Routledge. ISBN ISBN 0-415-25216-4.
Other websites[change | change source]
- "Disaster News Network". http://www.disasternews.net/. Retrieved 2006-11-05. US news site focused on disaster-related news.
- "Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System". European Commission and United Nations website initiative. http://www.gdacs.org.
- "Modeling Multi-Hazard Disaster Reduction Strategies with Computer-Aided Morphological Analysis". Swedish Morphological Society. http://www.swemorph.com/pdf/multi.pdf.
- "What the Development Programme of the United Nations (UN) does to reduce the human risks linked to Natural Disasters". United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). http://www.undp.org/bcpr/.