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A logical fallacy or simply a fallacy is some logical transition that people think can be done, but that really cannot be done. It is like an error in thinking. Aristotle and other philosophers identified several such kinds of fallacies:

Aristotelian Fallacies[change | edit source]

Material Fallacies[change | edit source]

The list is based on the Organon by Aristotle and is widely accepted in scientific literature. The terms used are those commonly used in English.

In practice, modern 'Behavioral Cognitive Therapy' contains many of these same abstractions.