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Fire temple

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Fire temple
Burning fire in the Zoroastrian temple of Yazd, Iran.

A fire temple, Agiary, Atashkadeh (Persian: آتشکده), Atashgah (آتشگاه) or Dar-e Mehr (در مهر) is the place of worship. It is for followers of Zoroastrianism, the ancient religion of Iran (Persia).[1][2][3]

As of 2021, there are 167 fire temples. 45 of them are in Mumbai. 105 is in other places in India. 17 are in other countries.[4][5]


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  1. Boyce, Mary (1993), "Dar-e Mehr", Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. 6, Costa Mesa: Mazda Pub, pp. 669–670
  2. Kotwal, Firoz M. (1974), "Some Observations on the History of the Parsi Dar-i Mihrs", Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 37 (3): 665, doi:10.1017/S0041977X00127557, S2CID 162207182
  3. Yasna 62.1; Nyashes 5.7
  4. "List of Fire Temples". The Parsi Directory. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  5. Mathai, Kamini (12 July 2010). "Parsis go all out to celebrate milestone in Chennai". The Times of India. Chennai: The Times Group. Retrieved 24 Apr 2014.
  • Boyce, Mary (1975), "On the Zoroastrian Temple Cult of Fire", Journal of the American Oriental Society, 95 (3), Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 95, No. 3: 454–465, doi:10.2307/599356, JSTOR 599356
  • Boyce, Mary (1987), "Ātaškada", Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. 2, Costa Mesa: Mazda Pub, pp. 9–10
  • Drower, Elizabeth Stephens (1944), "The Role of Fire in Parsi Ritual", Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 74 (1/2), Royal Anthropological Institute: 75–89, doi:10.2307/2844296, JSTOR 2844296
  • Gnoli, Gherardo (1993), "Bahram in old and middle Iranian texts", Encyclopaedia Iranica, vol. 3, Costa Mesa: Mazda Pub, pp. 510–513
  • Jackson, A. V. Williams (1921). "The Location of the Farnbāg Fire, the Most Ancient of the Zoroastrian Fires". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 41: 81–106. doi:10.2307/593711. ISSN 0003-0279. JSTOR 593711.
  • Schippmann, Klaus (1971). Die Iranischen Feuerheiligtümer. Religionsgeschichtliche Versuche und Vorarbeiten (in German). Berlin: de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-001879-0. OCLC 833142282.
  • Shenkar, Michael (2007), "Temple Architecture in the Iranian World before the Macedonian Conquest", Iran and the Caucasus, 11 (2): 169–194, doi:10.1163/157338407X265423
  • Shenkar, Michael (2011), "Temple Architecture in the Iranian World in the Hellenistic Period", In Kouremenos, A., Rossi, R., Chandrasekaran, S. (Eds.), from Pella to Gandhara: Hybridisation and Identity in the Art and Architecture of the Hellenistic East: 117–140
  • Stausberg, Michael (2004), Die Religion Zarathushtras, vol. III, Stuttgart: Kohlhammer Verlag, ISBN 3-17-017120-8

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