Flag of the Soviet Union
|Names||The Soviet flag, The Hammer and Sickle; The Red and Gold; The Red Banner|
|Use||State flag, civil and state ensign |
12 November 1923 (original version)|
15 August 1980 (last version used)
|Design||A plain red flag with a golden hammer and sickle and a gold-bordered red star in its upper canton.|
The first official flag of the Soviet Union was adopted in December 1922 at the first congress of the Soviets' USSR. The red flag of the communist party was adopted as the national flag.
History[change | change source]
On 6 July 1923, it was decided that the flag was to consist of a red cloth with the state coat of arms of the Soviet Union in the centre. The unusual flag format 1:4 was selected. This flag was used however never to used very much and was only used officially for four months.
The third meeting of the Exekutive committees of the Soviet Union changed the flag on 12 November 1923 into the more well-known version. The more common format 1:2 was selected. The state coat of arms was replaced by a gold sickle and hammer, and a red five-pointed star bordered in gold above them.
Minor changes to the shape of the hammer and sickle were made in 1955, and on 15 August 1980 the red was made a bright red. This design stayed the national flag until the break-up of the Soviet Union on 3 December 1991.